Democratic Republic of the Congo (1990-first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

  Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the support of some armed militia groups and the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC …

Sudan-Darfur (2003 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

  Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of Sudan, led by President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, and supported by official Sudanese forces and the Janjaweed militias in Darfur, against three (mostly) separate insurgencies in Darfur region, Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. Rebel armed groups include multiple factions of the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A), Justice and …

South Sudan: formerly Sudan (1983 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

  The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of South Sudan, with the support of Uganda, opposes rebel militias. Violence is largely between supporters of the government of President Salva Kiir and those loyal to former Vice-President Riek Machar. There is dissension within the ranks of the South Sudanese military, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). …

Mali (2012 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Mali, supported by France, against Tuareg rebels, mainly the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and multiple Islamist rebel groups, including Ansar Dine, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJWA). The MNLA has also repeatedly battled …

Libya (2011 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

  The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): State security forces are fighting rogue militias and separatist groups, especially in Libya’s eastern oil-rich areas. The Government of Libya is not a cohesive or stable body, and does not control the armed forces of the former regime. There are severe political divisions, both within Congress and among armed groups, …

Yemen (2004 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Yemen, with the support of pro-government militias, against Houthi rebels, southern separatists and the Southern Movement, and Ansar al Sharia, associated with al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). What (started the conflict): The government was attempting to create a monopoly on the legitimate use of force, destroy …

Somalia (1988 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

    The Conflict at a Glance: Who (are the main combatants): The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS), along with the  Puntland and Jubaland administrations, are trying to create stability in the country. They are supported by Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama; Raskambomi; the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM); the United Nations; and the Kenyan, Ethiopian, and Egyptian governments. Their efforts …

Nigeria (1990 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

  Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): There is frequent conflict between the Nigerian Army and among ethnic groups and rebel factions in Nigeria, which hosts a resource-based conflict in the South (Niger Delta region) …

Kenya (1991 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

    The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Kenya, led by current President Uhuru Kenyetta and the National Alliance, has been in opposition with both Raila Odinga via the Coalition for Reforms and Democracy (CORD) as well as various armed ethnic and religious groups simultaneously. Protagonists in the conflict may be broadly divided into …

Central African Republic (2014 – first combat deaths)

Tasneem Jamal Africa

  The Conflict at a Glance: Who (are the main combatants): Since the 2013 coup and the collapse of the Séléka regime, the government of the Central African Republic has attempted to transition to peace, supported by the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission (MINUSCA) and troops from the EU and France. Opposing CAR state authority are two major militias: the predominantly …