Regional small arms measures help strengthen the implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action by allowing regions to address small arms problems in a way that is uniquely suited to them. Regional action on small arms is vital. Small arms trafficking cannot be fully controlled by individual countries because illicit trade thrives on porous borders.
Project Ploughshares is currently undertaking initiatives to strengthen the capacity of governments and civil society in the Caribbean to reduce gun violence and crime.
Horn of Africa
Project Ploughshares provided technical assistance to the government of Kenya in drafting the Nairobi Declaration, a ground-breaking regional small arms agreement signed in March 2000 by 10 countries in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region. The declaration and a subsequent statement by the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union) contributed to a cohesive African role in achieving consensus on the Programme of Action on small arms adopted in 2001.