Democratic Republic of the Congo (1990-first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

  Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the support of some armed militia groups and the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC …

Pakistan (1992 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Asia

  The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Pakistan, supported by the Pakistani Armed Forces and the country’s intelligence agency, versus the Taliban, al-Qaeda and various militant groups. There is also fighting among different regional militant groups. Groups such as the Taliban and al-Qaeda often target civilians. What (are the major aims and events): Most …

Afghanistan (1978 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Asia

Last Updated: January 11, 2019 The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the country’s military – known as the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) and combatants fighting under NATO are attempting to govern the multiplicity of disparate tribal areas that make up the country. They are opposed by …

Sudan-Darfur (2003 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

  Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of Sudan, led by President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, and supported by official Sudanese forces and the Janjaweed militias in Darfur, against three (mostly) separate insurgencies in Darfur region, Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. Rebel armed groups include multiple factions of the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A), Justice and …

South Sudan: formerly Sudan (1983 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

  The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of South Sudan, with the support of Uganda, opposes rebel militias. Violence is largely between supporters of the government of President Salva Kiir and those loyal to former Vice-President Riek Machar. There is dissension within the ranks of the South Sudanese military, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). …

Syria (2011 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Mideast

  The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Syrian Armed Forces and militia groups loyal to the Bashar Assad regime versus a diverse and disjointed opposition. Some rebel groups, such as the Free Syrian Army, have drawn on defections from the Syrian Armed Forces for strength, while emerging Islamist groups have relied heavily on support from …

Turkey (2003 — first combat deaths for this phase of the conflict)

Ploughshares Mideast

  The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Turkey is in conflict with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which contains a militant wing with ties in northern Iraq. The PKK is viewed as a terrorist organization by Turkey and other countries, including the United States. Since civil war gripped neighbouring Syria, the Turkish military has …

Mali (2012 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Mali, supported by France, against Tuareg rebels, mainly the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and multiple Islamist rebel groups, including Ansar Dine, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJWA). The MNLA has also repeatedly battled …

Libya (2011 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

  The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): State security forces are fighting rogue militias and separatist groups, especially in Libya’s eastern oil-rich areas. The Government of Libya is not a cohesive or stable body, and does not control the armed forces of the former regime. There are severe political divisions, both within Congress and among armed groups, …

Yemen (2004 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Yemen, with the support of pro-government militias, against Houthi rebels, southern separatists and the Southern Movement, and Ansar al Sharia, associated with al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). What (started the conflict): The government was attempting to create a monopoly on the legitimate use of force, destroy …