Project Ploughshares: Our 2018 Plan

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Last year was remarkably active for virtually all Project Ploughshares program areas—and 2018 is turning out to be at least as busy. From unscrupulous arms transfers that fuel human rights violations to troubling forced migration patterns that continue to test the international community’s ability to respond, from efforts to proactively regulate the development and deployment of autonomous weapons systems to …

Nobel Peace Prize Lecture 2017

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The drive to ban nuclear weapons On December 10, 2017, Beatrice Fihn and Canadian Setsuko Thurlow accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN). What follows is an edited version of their remarks when they accepted the award. Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 39 Issue 1 Spring 2018 Beatrice Fihn Today, it is …

The changing nature of war, forced displacement, and global disarmament

Sonal Marwah 0 Comments

Academics and researchers have noted a marked change in the nature of wars since the 1990s; interstate or international wars have largely been replaced by intrastate or civil wars. Intrastate wars are often more intense and drag on for years—even decades. They involve a multiplicity of actors, including ever-evolving coalitions and splintering of non-state armed groups or irregular combatants with …

Algorithms are not impartial

Branka Marijan Featured 0 Comments

As new technology is shaped by old biases, stereotypes, and prejudices, users must remain vigilant Joy Buolamwini, now a PhD student at MIT’s Center for Civic Media, was an undergraduate when she first encountered a problem with facial recognition software. She was trying to teach a robot to play peek-a-boo, but the robot did not seem to recognize her (Couch …

Canada and Saudi Arabia: An arms deal no matter what

Cesar Jaramillo Featured 0 Comments

Seven months after disturbing footage appeared to show Canadian-made armoured vehicles being used against civilians in Saudi Arabia’s Eastern Province, Global Affairs Canada announced the results of the investigation it launched into the alleged abuses. Addressing the House Foreign Affairs Committee in February, Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland announced that there was “no conclusive evidence” that Canadian equipment had been …

Under stress: Space security in 2017

Jessica West Featured 0 Comments

Project Ploughshares and its partners on the Space Security Index (SSI) project joined with the Government of Canada in hosting a First Committee side event on October 17 to launch the 2017 edition of the annual report. The panel discussion was chaired by Canada’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Rosemary McCarney, whose opening remarks emphasized the importance of diligent research …

Outer space: New and old challenges

Jessica West 0 Comments

Ploughshares program officer Jessica West was among the speakers who addressed outer space security at the UN First Committee meetings in October. She focused on trends in outer space governance and how they relate to the key tenets of the Outer Space Treaty. Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 38 Issue 4 Winter 2017 Responding to new and old challenges As West …

Divisions on outer space security

Jessica West 0 Comments

A cautious optimism marked the opening of debates on outer space at the United Nations First Committee on Disarmament and International Security this past October. However, serious divisions quickly became apparent. Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 38 Issue 4 Winter 2017 by Jessica West No weapons in outer space, yet Proposals were advanced to overcome the longstanding stagnation of efforts to …

Humanitarian disarmament: Putting people first

Branka Marijan Featured 0 Comments

The Humanitarian Disarmament Forum, which began in 2012, has become an annual gathering, conducted on the margins of the UN General Assembly First Committee. The 2017 Forum, organized by Human Rights Watch, PAX, and the Harvard Law School International Human Rights Clinic, was held at the UN Church Center from October 13-15. In attendance were some 90 participants from 50 …

We cannot and do not support Bill C-47 in its current form

Cesar Jaramillo Featured 0 Comments

Remarks to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development— November 2, 2017 By Cesar Jaramillo, Executive Director, Project Ploughshares Good afternoon. My name is Cesar Jaramillo and I am the executive director of Project Ploughshares. Thank you very much for the kind invitation to address this Committee. For decades, efforts to better regulate illicit or …