Central African Republic (2014 – first combat deaths)

Tasneem Jamal Africa

 Central African Republic (2014 – first combat deaths)     The Conflict at a Glance: Who (are the main combatants): Since the 2013 coup and the collapse of the Séléka regime, the government of the Central African Republic has attempted to transition to peace, supported by the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission (MINUSCA) and troops from the EU and France. Opposing …

Canada’s future role in UN peace operations

Branka Marijan Africa, Armed Conflicts, Conventional Weapons, Defence & Human Security, Emerging Technologies, Featured, News

It has been almost three decades since Canada was among the leading contributors of troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions. In late 2017, the government announced Canada’s return to peace operations and, in March 2018, Canada deployed an Air Task Force to the UN mission in Mali. With the one-year period allotted for the Canadian mission coming to an end …

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1990-first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1990-first combat deaths)     Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the support of some armed militia groups and …

Sudan-Darfur (2003 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

Sudan-Darfur (2003 – first combat deaths)       Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of Sudan, led by President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, and supported by official Sudanese forces and the Janjaweed militias in Darfur, against three (mostly) separate insurgencies in Darfur region, Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. Rebel armed groups include multiple factions …

South Sudan: formerly Sudan (1983 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

South Sudan: formerly Sudan (1983 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of South Sudan, with the support of Uganda, opposes rebel militias. Violence is largely between supporters of the government of President Salva Kiir and those loyal to former Vice-President Riek Machar. There is dissension within the ranks of the …

Mali (2012 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

Mali (2012 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Mali, supported by France, against Tuareg rebels, mainly the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and multiple Islamist rebel groups, including Ansar Dine, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa …

Libya (2011 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

Libya (2011 – first combat deaths)     The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): State security forces are fighting rogue militias and separatist groups, especially in Libya’s eastern oil-rich areas. The Government of Libya is not a cohesive or stable body, and does not control the armed forces of the former regime. There are severe political divisions, …

Yemen (2004 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

Yemen (2004 – first combat deaths) The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Yemen, with the support of pro-government militias, against Houthi rebels, southern separatists and the Southern Movement, and Ansar al Sharia, associated with al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). What (started the conflict): The government was attempting to create a monopoly on …

Somalia (1988 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

Somalia (1988 – first combat deaths)       The Conflict at a Glance: Who (are the main combatants): The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS), along with the  Puntland and Jubaland administrations, are trying to create stability in the country. They are supported by Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama; Raskambomi; the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM); the United Nations; and the …

Nigeria (1990 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

Nigeria (1990 – first combat deaths)   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): There is frequent conflict between the Nigerian Army and among ethnic groups and rebel factions in Nigeria, which hosts a resource-based conflict …