More clarity on Canada’s views on military applications of artificial intelligence needed

Branka Marijan Americas, Conventional Weapons, Emerging Technologies, Featured, News

Canada appears to be leading the way in the responsible use of artificial intelligence (AI) with a number of initiatives and guidelines intended to to ensure that AI applications are based on sound reasoning and common values. However, largely absent in its discussions of strategy and risk are military applications of AI—in particular, the growing autonomy of weapons systems. Canada …

The future of war: Missiles and space as seen by the United States in 2019

Jessica West Americas, Conventional Weapons, Emerging Technologies, Space Security Leave a Comment

Two new policy documents released in the United States cast light on what future war could look like, especially the central and entwined roles of missiles and outer space.

The military, AI, and why it’s time to worry

Branka Marijan Americas, Conventional Weapons, Emerging Technologies, Featured Leave a Comment

“We are not talking about walking, talking terminator robots that are about to take over the world; what we are worried about is much more looming: conventional weapons systems with autonomy. They are beginning to sneak in.”

Arms sales, murder, and the illusion of firmness

Cesar Jaramillo Americas, Asia, Conventional Weapons, Featured, Mideast Leave a Comment

While the Jamal Khashoggi murder illustrated the Saudi regime’s contempt for human rights and warranted intense media attention, it was only the latest incident in a consistent pattern of repression and human-rights violations at home and abroad.

Time for answers: Letter to Trudeau on the Saudi arms deal

Ploughshares Americas, Asia, Conventional Weapons, Featured, Mideast 3 Comments

The Right Honourable Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, P.C., M.P. Prime Minister of Canada 80 Wellington Street Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0A2 4 March 2019 Re: Canada’s Export of Light Armoured Vehicles to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Dear Prime Minister Trudeau, The undersigned, representing a cross-section of Canadian civil society organizations focused on arms controls, human rights, international security, humanitarian assistance …

Bill C-47: Remarks to the Senate Standing Committee

Cesar Jaramillo Americas, Conventional Weapons, Featured Leave a Comment

U.S. reporting and licensing exemptions not consistent with ATT obligations Remarks to the Canadian Senate Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development – Delivered November 29, 2018 Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 39 Issue 4 Winter 2018 by Cesar Jaramillo Thank you very much for the kind invitation to address this committee. For decades, efforts to better regulate illicit and …

Canada and the Global Compact on Refugees

Sonal Marwah Americas, Featured, Forced Displacement and Migration Leave a Comment

The Global Compact on Refugees (GCR), a new international framework, is expected to be adopted by the end of this year. It aims to reenergize the international refugee regime, the core of which is the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (Refugee Convention), and encourage states to commit to protecting forced migrants. The GCR’s Final Draft clearly says …

Central American migrants face perilous journey

Ploughshares Americas, Forced Displacement and Migration Leave a Comment

Irregular migration through Mexico to the United States has occurred for decades. However, the growing number of Central American migrants (mainly from Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras) crossing Mexico and the evolution of border controls and enforcement require further scrutiny. The hard security policies implemented at the U.S.-Mexico border are diligently being enforced throughout Mexico and are extending to the …

Inaccessible? Untangling the current U.S. refugee program

Sonal Marwah Americas, Forced Displacement and Migration Leave a Comment

Until recently, the United States was the world’s most generous donor of humanitarian assistance to displaced persons and had the largest resettlement program. But the Trump administration’s new immigration policies appear to be making the United States increasingly less safe and inaccessible for refugees and asylum seekers. Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 39 Issue 3 Autumn 2018 by Sonal Marwah All …

Customers or allies? The dilemma of Canada’s AFCCL

Ploughshares Americas, Conventional Weapons, Defence & Human Security Leave a Comment

In late 2017, the government of Canada added Ukraine to the Automatic Firearm Country Control List (AFCCL) of 40 states to which Canadian weapons producers can legally export automatic firearms. This decision was made in the fourth year of an increasingly entrenched conflict in Ukraine’s Donbass region involving separatist forces, Russian forces posing as irregulars, and Ukrainian government forces, which, …