Syria: Fractured by war

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Asia, Conventional Weapons, Defence & Human Security, Forced Displacement and Migration, Mideast Leave a Comment

No war in recent history has been as divisive as the war in Syria. In addition to fracturing Syrian society, it has galvanized, polarized, and even radicalized those who have reported on it. While President Bashar al-Assad’s cheerleading squad has brought together an amalgamation of unlikely supporters, ranging from White Nationalists to Shia militants, the advocates of regime change have …

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1990-first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1990-first combat deaths)     Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the support of some armed militia groups and …

Philippines-CPP/NPA (1969 – 2017)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Philippines-CPP/NPA (1969 – 2017)   Recently ended conflict (Updated: April 2017) In August 2016, after over 40 years of conflict, the National Democratic Front (NDFP) and the Filipino government agreed to a ceasefire and resumed peace talks. In October, the communist rebels and government agreed to create the foundational framework for a future peace deal. In November, an NDFP negotiator …

Chad (1965 – 2013)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Recently ended conflict (Updated: August 2014) After over 40 years of conflict, a disarmament deal between the main rebel group, the Union of Resistance Forces, and the government was signed in 2010, and the conflict has declined significantly thereafter. In 2010, Chad and Sudan agreed not to host rebel forces; relations with Sudan have improved since. In 2011, Chad held …

Burundi (1988 – 2010)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Recently ended conflict (updated: February 2011) In 2006, the government and the main rebel group, Forces Nationales de Liberation (FNL), signed a peace agreement that included a provision to demobilize the FNL and integrate them into the national army. Despite this agreement and an official end to the civil war, violent clashes between the FNL and national army continued, most …

Nepal (1996 – 2010)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Recently ended conflict (updated: February 2011) After a decade of armed violence, in 2006 peace talks between the Seven Party Alliance and the Maoists led to the ousting of the country’s monarchy and a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The Maoists, who had been the primary rebel force during the conflict, were subsequently incorporated into the government. Since the signing of …

Uganda (1987- 2010)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Recently ended conflict (updated: January 2011) With no LRA-related deaths on Ugandan soil for a number of consecutive years, Uganda was removed from the ACR in 2010. In 2007, after two decades of armed violence in Northern Uganda, the Ugandan government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) signed the Agreement on Comprehensive Solutions, which bound them to find lasting solutions …

Sri Lanka (1983 – 2010)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Recently ended conflict (updated: January 2011) Sri Lanka’s 26-year-long civil war ended on May 18, 2009 when government forces killed the leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) Velupillai Prabhakaran. This followed months of heavy fighting between government forces and LTTE rebels. Although tension between the Tamil population and government persists and many issues remain unresolved, there were …

Ethiopia (2002– first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

To see the Ethiopia-Ogaden conflict, please follow this link.     Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors     Summary 2009 Humanitarian and human rights organizations have been heavily restricted in Ethiopia, resulting in a lack of reports for 2009. Conflicts for which there …

Côte d’Ivoire (2002 – 2008)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2009) Because there have been few reported conflict deaths over the past two years (fewer than 25 per year), this armed conflict is now deemed to have ended. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors   Summary  2008 The 2007 peace accord …