Iraq – Kurds (1961 – 2004)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: January 2005) In 2004, the armed conflict between Kurdish separatists and the Iraqi government was overtaken by the US-led war of occupation of Iraq and the removal of the government of Saddam Hussein in early 2003. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources   …

Liberia (2000 – 2004)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2005) The 2003 Comprehensive Peace Agreement held through 2004 as fewer than 25 people were killed in conflict-related violence. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors                 Summary: 2004 The 2003 Comprehensive Peace Agreement held …

Guinea (2000 – 2003)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2004) There were no reports of fighting in Guinea in 2003 for the second consecutive year. However, civil conflict in neighbouring Cote d’Ivoire and Liberia resulted in tens of thousands of refugees arriving in Guinea, threatening to destabilize the country. In December, President Lansana Conte was re-elected.  Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status …

Iraq – Shia Muslims (1991 – 2003)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: January 2004) Following the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, the Iraqi security forces were disbanded, ending the conflict between Iraqi government forces under Saddam Hussein and Shia fighters within the country. However, following the fall and subsequent capture of President Hussein, several Shia factions remained engaged in armed conflict. These clashed with each other for power …

Rwanda (1990 – 2003)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2004) In 2003, for the second straight year, there were no confirmed reports of clashes between Rwandan armed forces and Hutu militants based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Rwanda maintained its soldiers had completely withdrawn from the DRC early in the year. The continued deployment of the United Nations Mission to the DRC …

Iran (1979 – 2003)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: December 2003) Because there have been few reported conflict deaths over the past two years (fewer than 25 per year), this armed conflict is now deemed to have ended. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources                 …

Angola (1975 – 2002)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: September 2003) The Angolan civil war ended in mid-2002 and throughout 2003 the country began the process of rebuilding. Since the end of the conflict, more than a million Angolans who had fled the country have returned. The main rebel group, Unita, laid down its weapons and re-established itself as a political party. However, in spite of …

Turkey (1984 – 2002)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Europe, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: March 2003) Turkey was removed from the active list of armed conflicts because, despite some skirmishes between government and rebel forces, reported conflict-related deaths for 2002 totalled fewer than 25 for the second consecutive year. In its bid to join the European Union, the government also initiated a number of reforms in 2002 to grant Turkish Kurds …

Indonesia – Kalimantan (1996 – 2003)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: November 2002) In 2003, there were no reports of fatal clashes between the Dayak and Madurese communities for a second consecutive year. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors Summary: 2002 The conflict reached a stand-still as most Madurese fled conflict areas …

Sierra Leone (1991 – 2002)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: September 2002) Although a formal peace process was initiated in 1999, the civil war in Sierra Leone was not officially declared over until January 2002 when over 45,000 combatants were confirmed to be disarmed. Elections held in May 2002 were generally peaceful and were declared free and fair by a number of independent monitoring organizations. President Ahmad …