Rwanda (1990 – 2003)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2004) In 2003, for the second straight year, there were no confirmed reports of clashes between Rwandan armed forces and Hutu militants based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Rwanda maintained its soldiers had completely withdrawn from the DRC early in the year. The continued deployment of the United Nations Mission to the DRC …

Iran (1979 – 2003)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: December 2003) Because there have been few reported conflict deaths over the past two years (fewer than 25 per year), this armed conflict is now deemed to have ended. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources                 …

Angola (1975 – 2002)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: September 2003) The Angolan civil war ended in mid-2002 and throughout 2003 the country began the process of rebuilding. Since the end of the conflict, more than a million Angolans who had fled the country have returned. The main rebel group, Unita, laid down its weapons and re-established itself as a political party. However, in spite of …

The 2003 Armed Conflicts Report – Preview

Tasneem Jamal Armed Conflicts

The Ploughshares Monitor Summer 2003 Volume 24 Issue 2 While the international community spent much of 2002 deciding whether or not to start a new war in Iraq, 37 other armed conflicts1 were already underway, directly affecting the lives of millions of men, women, and children in 29 countries. The total number of armed conflicts remained unchanged from the previous year …

Turkey (1984 – 2002)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Europe, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: March 2003) Turkey was removed from the active list of armed conflicts because, despite some skirmishes between government and rebel forces, reported conflict-related deaths for 2002 totalled fewer than 25 for the second consecutive year. In its bid to join the European Union, the government also initiated a number of reforms in 2002 to grant Turkish Kurds …

What Powell Didn’t Say

Tasneem Jamal Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Authors Ernie Regehr and Gerry Barr Published by the Ottawa Citizen Gerry Barr is president and CEO of the Canadian Council for International Co-operation The U.S. secretary of state didn’t tell the United Nations that a war against Iraq will produce a humanitarian disaster, with children among those most at risk. Colin Powell, the U.S. secretary of state, presented a …

There’s Not Enough Evidence to Justify War

Tasneem Jamal Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Author Ernie Regehr Published by The Record (Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario) U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell has now brought new “evidence” to the UN Security Council which he says exposes Iraq’s ongoing deceit and defiance and thus justifies an American-led attack. But there are three additional categories of evidence that should be central to any decision on military action and all …

Indonesia – Kalimantan (1996 – 2003)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: November 2002) In 2003, there were no reports of fatal clashes between the Dayak and Madurese communities for a second consecutive year. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors Summary: 2002 The conflict reached a stand-still as most Madurese fled conflict areas …

Sierra Leone (1991 – 2002)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: September 2002) Although a formal peace process was initiated in 1999, the civil war in Sierra Leone was not officially declared over until January 2002 when over 45,000 combatants were confirmed to be disarmed. Elections held in May 2002 were generally peaceful and were declared free and fair by a number of independent monitoring organizations. President Ahmad …

Ethiopia-Eritrea (1998 – 2001)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: February 2002) The peace agreement signed between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 2000 in Algiers was respected by both sides with no reported fighting or deaths in 2001.   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources                Summary 2000 Fighting between Ethiopia and Eritrea …