Peru (1980 – 2001)

Ploughshares Americas, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: February 2002) The conflict in Peru has been removed from the Armed Conflicts Report because for the second successive year there were few reports of violence. Former President Alberto Fujimori was indicted by the Peruvian Congress on charges of abandonment of office and non-fulfillment of duties in August and an international arrest warrant was issued for his …

South Africa (1990 – 2001)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: February 2002) The South African conflict was considered at an end when 2001 became the second successive year of fewer than 25 reported deaths due to conflict violence. During 2001 a few violent incidents took place in provincial elections, resulting in at least two reported deaths. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the …

Congo-Brazzaville [Republic of Congo] (1997 – 2001)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2002) The peace agreement signed in 2000 held through 2001 and there were no reports of fighting between government and rebel forces. In a symbolic gesture 800 weapons were turned over by rebel groups in April 2001 and publicly destroyed to emphasize both sides’ commitment to peace.   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status …

Indonesia – East Timor (1975 – 2001)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: December 2001) There was no reported fighting or conflict-related deaths in 2001. Closely monitored by 8,000 UN Peacekeepers, August elections for East Timor’s first democratically elected assembly were peaceful with a turnout of more than 90 per cent. Initial steps were taken to create East Timor’s national army and talks were held with former militia members to …

East Africa Set to Act on Small Arms Problem

Tasneem Jamal Africa, Armed Conflicts, Conventional Weapons

The Ploughshares Monitor March 2000 Volume 21 Issue 1 East African governments met in Nairobi in mid-March to plan a coordinated response to the growing problems related to small arms in the region. The conference declaration said “the proliferation of illicit small arms and light weapons in the Great Lakes and Horn of Africa Region” has “devastating consequences in sustaining armed …

Humanitarian Intervention: A Review of Literature

Tasneem Jamal Armed Conflicts, Defence & Human Security Leave a Comment

Author Penelope C. Simons Working Paper 01-2 Penelope Simons has an LLB from Dalhousie Law School, and an LLM and PhD in International Law from Cambridge University. She is a Director and Vice-President of both Lawyers for Social Responsibility and The Simons Foundation. Table of Contents Introduction      Definition of “Humanitarian Intervention” The Debate Surrounding Humanitarian Intervention The UN System …

Cambodia (1978 – 2000)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: January 2001) Almost a decade after the 1991 Paris Peace Accords mapped out a peace process for Cambodia, the country has been removed from the list of armed conflicts because both years 2000 and 1999 saw fewer than 25 deaths arising from political conflict. The recent disbandment of the Khmer Rouge and a beginning to demobilization of …

Egypt (1992 – 2000)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: January 2001) After years of declining casualties, Egypt has been removed from the list of active armed conflicts. Fewer than 25 conflict-related deaths during 1999 and 2000 suggest that fighting between government forces and Islamic militants ended. In 2000 the Muslim Brotherhood participated in parliamentary elections.   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the …

The Heart of the Matter: Sierra Leone, Diamonds and Human Security

Tasneem Jamal Africa, Armed Conflicts, Defence & Human Security, Europe

Authors Ian Smillie, Lansana Gberie and Ralph Hazleton The Ploughshares Monitor March 2000 Volume 21 Issue 1 This article is excerpted from a report that is available at www.web.net/pac, in both English and French. Ian Smillie, an Ottawa-based consultant, has 30 years of international development experience, as manager, programmer, evaluator, and writer. His most recent publications include The Alms Bazaar: Altruism …