India – Northeast (1979 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

India – Northeast (1979 – first combat deaths)   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of India and northeastern state governments (especially Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya) are in conflict with rebel …

India – Maoist Insurgency (1980 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

India – Maoist Insurgency (1980 – first combat deaths)   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): Maoists (commonly known as Naxalites) seek to overthrow the current government and establish socialist-communist rule in India to address …

India – Kashmir (1947 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

India – Kashmir (1947 – first combat deaths)   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of India has a longstanding territorial dispute with the Government of Pakistan and Kashmiri rebel groups (supported by the Pakistani …

Russia (Chechnya) (1999 – first combat deaths in current phase)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Europe

Russia (Chechnya) (1999 – first combat deaths in current phase)     The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): Until recently, conflict had primarily been between the Russian Federation and the Kremlin-supported Republic of Chechnya and the Caucasus Emirate (CE), as well as smaller Islamist splinter groups in surrounding republics. However, by 2016, it appeared that CE had …

Colombia (1964 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Americas, Armed Conflicts

Last Updated: December 13, 2018 Who (are the main combatants): Historically the Colombian government and military, supported by the United States, have opposed left-wing guerrillas, especially the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN). In 2016, the government and FARC, the largest rebel group, signed a historic peace treaty. However, right-wing paramilitary gangs remain a threat …

Humanitarian disarmament: Putting people first

Branka Marijan Armed Conflicts, Featured, Nuclear Weapons

The Humanitarian Disarmament Forum, which began in 2012, has become an annual gathering, conducted on the margins of the UN General Assembly First Committee. The 2017 Forum, organized by Human Rights Watch, PAX, and the Harvard Law School International Human Rights Clinic, was held at the UN Church Center from October 13-15. In attendance were some 90 participants from 50 …

Ukraine (2014 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Europe

Ukraine (2014 – first combat deaths)       The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Ukrainian government has deployed the Ukrainian Armed Forces and volunteer battalions to combat pro-Russian separatist fighters in eastern Ukraine. Separatists are reputed to be receiving military assistance from Russia in the form of personnel and equipment. What (started the conflict): Pro-western “Euromaidan” …

Burma-Myanmar (1988 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

Burma-Myanmar (1988 – first combat deaths)     Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Source Economic Factors       The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): Ethnic insurgency groups have thus fought military (now central) control, particularly in Rakhine State, where the Muslim minority …

Philippines-CPP/NPA (1969 – 2017)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Philippines-CPP/NPA (1969 – 2017)   Recently ended conflict (Updated: April 2017) In August 2016, after over 40 years of conflict, the National Democratic Front (NDFP) and the Filipino government agreed to a ceasefire and resumed peace talks. In October, the communist rebels and government agreed to create the foundational framework for a future peace deal. In November, an NDFP negotiator …

Ethiopia-Ogaden (2007– first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Armed Conflicts

Ethiopia-Ogaden (2007– first combat deaths)   Conflict at a Glance Who: The government of Ethiopia is fighting various rebel groups, notably the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). Insurgents seek varying levels of independence from the central government. Both the ONLF and the OLF want autonomy. Although OLF and the ONLF have periodically clashed over territorial …