Call for independent review into use of Canadian-made armoured vehicles in Saudi Arabia

Ploughshares Americas, Asia, Conventional Weapons, Featured, Mideast, News

A coalition of human rights and arms control groups sent a letter to Canada’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chrystia Freeland, related to the report released by Global Affairs in May 2018 concerning allegations that Canadian-made military exports were used against civilians last year by the Saudi Arabian armed forces. The report revealed major shortcomings both in the investigation of the …

War in Yemen: A litmus test of the Arms Trade Treaty

Sonal Marwah Asia, Conventional Weapons, Defence & Human Security, Featured, Forced Displacement and Migration, Mideast, News

In March 2015, following a long political crisis in Yemen in which all parties resorted to violence,  Houthi rebels seized the capital Sana’a, triggering the collapse of President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi’s internationally recognized government. Hadi fled into exile. On March 24, Hadi requested external military intervention from the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). A coalition of Gulf Arab states, led …

Canada and Saudi Arabia: An arms deal no matter what

Cesar Jaramillo Americas, Asia, Conventional Weapons, Featured, Mideast

Seven months after disturbing footage appeared to show Canadian-made armoured vehicles being used against civilians in Saudi Arabia’s Eastern Province, Global Affairs Canada announced the results of the investigation it launched into the alleged abuses. Addressing the House Foreign Affairs Committee in February, Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland announced that there was “no conclusive evidence” that Canadian equipment had been …

Syria (2011 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Syria (2011 – first combat deaths)     The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Syrian Armed Forces and militia groups loyal to the Bashar Assad regime versus a diverse and disjointed opposition. Some rebel groups, such as the Free Syrian Army, have drawn on defections from the Syrian Armed Forces for strength, while emerging Islamist …

Yemen (2004 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Yemen (2004 – first combat deaths) The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Yemen, with the support of pro-government militias, against Houthi rebels, southern separatists and the Southern Movement, and Ansar al Sharia, associated with al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). What (started the conflict): The government was attempting to create a monopoly on …

Philippines-Mindanao (1971 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

Philippines-Mindanao (1971 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of the Philippines, supported by the United States and various civilian militia groups, against particular Muslim separatist groups, including the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement/Fighters (BIFM/F), and the Abu Sayyaf …

Israel-Palestine (1948 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Israel-Palestine (1948 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Israel, with strong support from the United States, opposes the governing authorities of the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO/Fatah), is in charge of the West Bank, while Hamas controls the Gaza Strip. In 2014, Fatah and Hamas formed …

Iraq (2003 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Iraq (2003 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Iraq, supported by the Iraqi forces and the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), versus Shia and Sunni Muslim armed factions. What (started the conflict): Various factions are fighting for control of the state. Fighting has frequently taken the form …

Thailand (2004 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

Thailand (2004 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The former ruling party of Thailand, the Pheu Thai party, led by Yingluck Shinawatra, is supported by the political United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (also known as the Red Shirts). They are challenged by the anti-Shinawatra People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD, also known …

India – Northeast (1979 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

India – Northeast (1979 – first combat deaths)   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of India and northeastern state governments (especially Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya) are in conflict with rebel …