- Reduce the resort to military force by reviewing and proposing changes to Canada’s contribution to international peace and security
- Promote peace in the Horn of Africa through strengthening government and civil society responses to sources of insecurity
- Work with civil society in the Caribbean to control and reduce gun violence and its impact on local communities
Responsibility to Protect
In the wake of crises in the 1990s in Bosnia, Somalia, Rwanda and Kosovo, policy makers, decision makers, academics, NGOs and church leaders have intensely debated and grappled with the ethical, moral and legal implications of humanitarian intervention.
The debate has often revolved around two competing imperatives:
- the sovereignty that protects states from external intervention in their internal affairs;
- the humanitarian imperative to protect those who endure incredible abuses of human rights, especially in the context of states that either commit these abuses against their own citizens or are unable to protect their citizens from them.
In 2000, Project Ploughshares commissioned a paper to review the literature on humanitarian intervention.
In December 2001, the International Commission on State Sovereignty and Intervention (ICISS) released its report on humanitarian intervention entitled, The Responsibility to Protect.
- The report was initiated and funded by the Canadian government, and as its title suggests, this report offers a new lens through which to view the moral, legal and political questions surrounding intervention, and reframes the debate from “sovereignty as control” over a population to “sovereignty as responsibility.”
In the last several years, Project Ploughshares has organized roundtables and events in Canada and in Africa to explore issues in the Responsibility to Protect document and theme.
Recent Posts on Defence & Human Security
Event: International Humanitarian Law in Action: Putting People First
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Canada’s reluctant participation in peacekeeping in Mali: What it revealsApril 24, 2019
When Canada announced that it would not be extending its commitment to the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Mali beyond one year, few were surprised. But many are perplexed that Canada is reportedly unwilling to consider a UN request to extend its mission until a replacement Romanian contingent arrives in October, a mere three-months extension. On April 5, a House ...
Canada’s future role in UN peace operationsFebruary 13, 2019
It has been almost three decades since Canada was among the leading contributors of troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions. In late 2017, the government announced Canada’s return to peace operations and, in March 2018, Canada deployed an Air Task Force to the UN mission in Mali. With the one-year period allotted for the Canadian mission coming to an end ...