The indefinite extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1995 was agreed in the context of a collective commitment by member states to strengthen the Treaty’s review process.In 2000, states committed themselves to producing regular reports.
But, since the NPT has no permanent secretariat, there is in effect no central entity to request and receive the reports and no process for compiling and analyzing them.
Project Ploughshares has filled this void with regular analysis and reporting on the state of NPT reporting.
The intitial Ploughshares report, Working Paper 03-2, reviewed states parties reporting to the first and second Preparatory Committee Meetings for the 2005 NPT Review Conference.
A second report, NPT Reporting Trends: An Analysis of Reporting over Three Preparatory Committees, was issued in May 2005 to include the third PrepCom for the 2005 NPT Review Conference and a Summer 2005 Ploughshares Monitor article provided information on the reports submitted to the 2005 NPT Review Conference itself.
In 2008, a more extensive analysis was carried out with support from the International Security Research and Outreach Program (ISROP) of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.
The resulting paper, Transparency and Accountability: NPT Reporting 2002-2007, received wide distribution, including to governments and NGOs at the 2008 NPT PrepCom.
In preparation for the 2010 NPT Review Conference, this paper was updated and now appears as Transparency and Accountability: NPT Reporting 2002-2009.