The Right to Peace: Nuclear Disarmament

Ploughshares News, Nuclear Weapons

…devastated Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Nearly 2,000 are on high-alert status, ready to be launched within minutes, thereby exacerbating the risk of their deliberate or accidental use.

Demands for nuclear abolition are mounting. Calls come from a growing number of scientists, legal scholars, mayors and parliamentarians, active and retired diplomats, statesmen and regular citizens—from both nuclear and non-nuclear weapons states. The message is clear: the threat posed by nuclear weapons is real, their use is unacceptable and the goal of their complete elimination is not negotiable.

The cost of inaction could be another Hiroshima. Or worse.

More information

Statement to the 2018 Preparatory Committee of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

Re-affirming City of Toronto as a Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone

Will ICAN’s Nobel…

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1990-first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa

…between Pygmy and Bantu militias in Tanganyika province, with 43 killed in two incidents. The Congolese government had warned in January that the former military commander of M23 had crossed over from Uganda accompanied by armed fighters. In February, clashes occurred between M23 rebels and the Congolese army. The army claimed that it killed 20 M23 rebels that month.

In March, violence intensified between the Kamuina Nsapu and government forces in Kasai-Central province. Also in March, two members of the UN Security Council DRC Sanctions Committee’s Group of Experts, Swedish-Chilean citizen Zaida Catalan and U.S. national Michael Sharp, were captured and later executed while on an investigative mission in the Kasaï Central province. The government showed a video of the…

Pakistan (1992 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Asia

…MQM politicians retracted their resignations following an agreement between senior party leaders and Finance Minister Ishaq Dar to form a “Grievances Redressal Committee” to address MQM concerns.

In November an all-parties conference endorsed a proposal to merge the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The plan would grant full political and constitutional rights to Pakistan’s tribal belt. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif formed a five-member committee to explore FATA reform options.

2014 Early in the year, the government announced that it would engage in peace talks with the TTP. However, this process broke down amid ongoing violence. In May, a large wing of the TTP, the Mehsud group, disassociated itself from the TTP central command. On November 20, Pakistan…

Afghanistan (1978 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Asia

Last Updated: January 11, 2019 The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the country’s military – known as the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) and combatants fighting under NATO are attempting to govern the multiplicity of disparate tribal areas that make up the country. They are opposed by …

Biblical Foundation

…and, as such, the Governing Committee of Project Ploughshares is accountable to The Canadian Council of Churches for governing Project Ploughshares in the pursuit of the mandate received from the council. The Governing Committee of Project Ploughshares is made up of persons appointed by the sponsoring churches and members-at-large appointed by the Governing Committee.

Sponsoring Churches The Anglican Church of Canada Canadian Catholic Organization for Development and Peace Canadian Unitarian Council Canadian Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) Christian Reformed Church in North America Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada Mennonite Central Committee Canada The Presbyterian Church in Canada The United Church of Canada

Project Ploughshares operates out of The Kindred Credit Union Centre for Peace Advancement (CPA)…

Untangling the current U.S. refugee program

Sonal Marwah Featured, Forced Displacement and Migration, News

…of a “particular social group.”

The regional context

Why so many Central American asylum seekers?

Between 2011 and 2016, 161,742 people from Central America’s northern triangle —El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras—applied for asylum in the United States and other countries in the region. Forced internal displacement also appears to be widespread, although data is fragmented.

They were fleeing

Some of the world’s highest rates of homicide for countries not at war Gang violence or forced recruitment Crime Poverty Domestic abuse and gender-based violence A police force they distrusted and feared.

Governments at home were either unwilling or unable to protect their most vulnerable citizens.

Interpreting gender-based violence in Canada

In March 1993, Canada become the first country to…

Uncharted territory in outer space

Jessica West Featured Leave a Comment

…be disrupted. But how far out into space would such damage extend? How can damage be contained? The looming spectre of a space war casts a long, dark shadow.

It was the best of times, it was the worst of times

Looking back to the First Space Age, it is clear that the coexistence of immense opportunity and profound challenge is not new. Then, we developed mutual understandings through dialogue and, eventually, international law to guide brand-new space activities. Now something more is needed.

The UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space did recently complete a compendium of guidelines for the long-term sustainability of outer space activities. But SSI participants at the May meeting believe that the world…

Statement to the 2018 Preparatory Committee of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

Cesar Jaramillo Leave a Comment

…planet established a legal ban of the most dangerous weapons on Earth. Those voices will not be quelled, and cannot be wished away—whatever the position of outliers.

They will be heard at meetings of states parties to the nuclear non-proliferation treaty—such as this one, at sessions of the Conference on Disarmament, at the UN General Assembly First Committee on Disarmament and International Security.

Most NATO members, as well as other nuclear-weapons endorsing states, boycotted the process that resulted in the adoption of the nuclear ban treaty, just as the United States had asked. In doing so, they undermined the very rules-based multilateral order they claim to support.

They continue to embrace nuclear deterrence as a valid security policy, effectively legitimizing…

JCPOA: A deal undone

Cesar Jaramillo Featured Leave a Comment

…In such cases, an arbitration committee made up of the P5+1 and Iran would decide. Some critics were concerned that the time allowed for this process would give Iran the opportunity to conceal any wrongdoing. But negotiators clearly took into account the IAEA’s technical means and expertise to detect and assess recent nuclear activity.

Perhaps most importantly, under the deal, the P5+1 maintained the prerogative to react swiftly and sternly to any perceived undue obstructions from Iran. Sanctions could be reinstated.

Why withdraw if no violations?

Both of Iran’s regional arch-rivals—Saudi Arabia and Israel—are close U.S. economic and military allies.

Israel has long railed against the deal. As early as 1992, current Prime Minister Netanyahu (then a Member of Parliament)…

War in Yemen: A litmus test of the Arms Trade Treaty

Sonal Marwah Featured, News

…sales to the Saudis—in particular, a 2014 deal worth $15-billion.

In May 2018, the Working Group and preparatory committee for the Conference of State Parties of the ATT met in Geneva. Here civil society raised concerns about the incompatibility of selling arms to the Saudis with adhering to the ATT.

Opportunities and costs

One of the tragedies of the war in Yemen is that there is no military solution possible in the current Yemini conflict. This finding has been repeatedly documented by UN agencies and humanitarian organizations. And yet, the constant supply of arms to Yemen continues to prolong hostilities.

Yemen will only achieve peace through international diplomacy and the political will of all the Yemeni parties involved. The ATT…