Small Arms Action at the UN

Tasneem Jamal

Author Arghavan Gerami

The Ploughshares Monitor March 2001 Volume 22 Issue 1

The global problem of the proliferation and misuse of small arms and light weapons will benefit from focused international attention at the July 2001 UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. The preparatory process has included the formal work of the Preparatory Committee, a broad range of regional and sub-regional governmental meetings, as well as a large number of workshops, seminars, and conferences organized by non-governmental organizations (in March Project Ploughshares hosted an international gathering of NGOs, experts, and officials to address demand-side elements of the small arms problem). The Fall 2000 session of the UN General Assembly also

Devastating Human Costs of Small Arms and Light Weapons

Tasneem Jamal

World Council of Churches team at UN small arms prepcom

Representatives of the World Council of Churches (WCC) at a United Nations (UN) meeting in New York this week have reported that a consensus is developing for a wide-ranging but weakened UN document on control of small arms.

The document will be acted on at the Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, to be held at UN headquarters in New York 9-20 July.

Delegates to the third and final preparatory committee (prepcom) meeting at the UN 19-30 March were seeking to develop a text that is less ambitious than the draft report tabled at the second prepcom in January but that

Humanitarian Intervention: A Review of Literature

Tasneem Jamal Leave a Comment

…the unauthorised use of force in Kosovo was a singular incident and should not be seen as modifying the use of force regime (O’Connell 2000, p. 83; Guicherd 1999, p. 20; Cassese 2000, p. 794; Builder 1999, p. 181). This is reflected in statements made by several NATO member states, including the US, France, Germany, and Belgium where they insisted

… that they had never stopped attaching crucial importance to the central role of the Security Council. The armed attack was initiated only as an exceptional measure justified by the failure of that body to act. However, as soon as the Security Council was in a position to take the issue into its own hands, they would discontinue any military…

Canada, NATO and Nuclear Weapons

Tasneem Jamal

…was a repeated response. While the delegation did hear a view that nuclear deterrence would have to be addressed at some point, the overwhelming number of government interlocutors stated flatly that the report then being prepared by the Senior Political Committee for presentation to the December 2000 NATO Ministerial Meeting would not even constitute the framework for a review of the central policies.

Key officials within NATO refuse to acknowledge that NATO policies on nuclear weapons are in contradiction with NATO countries’ commitments under the NPT (which have the force of international law). The MPI found NATO in denial over both the incoherence and the probability that its determination to keep nuclear weapons is a primary stimulant of proliferation.

The…

Humanitarian Intervention: A Review of Literature

Tasneem Jamal

…the unauthorised use of force in Kosovo was a singular incident and should not be seen as modifying the use of force regime (O’Connell 2000, p. 83; Guicherd 1999, p. 20; Cassese 2000, p. 794; Builder 1999, p. 181). This is reflected in statements made by several NATO member states, including the US, France, Germany, and Belgium where they insisted

… that they had never stopped attaching crucial importance to the central role of the Security Council. The armed attack was initiated only as an exceptional measure justified by the failure of that body to act. However, as soon as the Security Council was in a position to take the issue into its own hands, they would discontinue any military…

Churches Prepare for UN Conference on Illicit Trade in Small Arms

Tasneem Jamal

News release from World Council of Churches

The World Council of Churches (WCC) wants delegates to a forthcoming United Nations (UN) conference to recognize the human significance of damage done by uncontrolled small arms and light weapons, says Dinis Salamao Sengulane.

An Anglican bishop from Mozambique, Sengulane was in New York to observe the work of a committee preparing for a UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.

The UN conference will take place this summer in New York, and Sengulane and Ernie Regehr of Canada were representing the WCC’s Commission of the Churches on International Affairs (CCIA) at the “prepcom”, held 8-19 January at UN headquarters.

Although they kill only

Statement on Nuclear Disarmament, NATO Policy and the Churches

Tasneem Jamal

the international ecumenical movement and assisting with the development of the WCC statement approved by the Central Committee, the central governing and policy-making body of the WCC, at its meetings in Berlin in February 2001. Project Ploughshares will also undertake to organize, in cooperation with the WCC and the European, American, and Canadian Councils of Churches, the church delegation to NATO capitals later this year.

 

World Council of Churches CENTRAL COMMITTEE Potsdam, Germany 29 January – 6 February 2001

Document No. PI 5

Adopted

STATEMENT ON NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, NATO POLICY AND THE CHURCHES

The global threat posed by the existence of nuclear weapons did not disappear with the end of the Cold War. The May 2000 nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty…

Egypt (1992 – 2000)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts

…security force and Muslim group assaults declined in 1998 and by year-end the majority of jailed and exiled leaders of the most militant rebel group had endorsed a ceasefire initiative.

1997 Government forces, consisting primarily of the State Security Investigations Sector (SSIS) and the Central Security Forces (CSF), continued to battle various Islamic militants, such as the al-Gama’a al-Islamiya and al-Gihad, especially in Upper Egypt. The rebels maintained attacks on unarmed civilians and foreigners.

Type of Conflict:

State control

Parties to the Conflict:

1) Government forces, led by President Hosni Mubarak:

(a) The State Security Investigations Sector (SSIS), which investigates and interrogates detainees; and

(b) Central Security Forces (CSF), responsible for enforcing curfews and bans on public demonstrations….

Somalia: A New Beginning?

Tasneem Jamal

Author Abdul Omar

The Ploughshares Monitor December 2000 Volume 21 Issue 4

Until recently, Somalia had been without a central government since the January 1991 expulsion of the late dictator General Mohamed Siad Barre. A state with a relatively homogenous population, Somalia’s decade-long authority vacuum was created by the fall of Barre, who had come to power through a military coup in 1969. Fed up with the previous corrupt democratic governments characterized by clan politics, the Somali public supported Barre’s ascension to power. Many believed that Barre could bring a sense of decency to government and usher in a new era in Somalia. In 1970, Barre introduced “Scientific Socialism,” bringing vital economic institutions under the control of the state.

Concerned

Humanitarian Intervention: A Review of Literature

Tasneem Jamal

…would include but not be limited to the right to life, the prohibitions against torture, genocide, slavery, and the principle of non-discrimination.

8 See also the UK House of Commons Select Committee on Foreign Affairs Fourth Report (printed May 23, 2000). The Committee comes to the very dubious conclusion “that, faced with the threat of veto in the Security Council by Russia and China, the NATO allies did all they could to make the military intervention in Kosovo as compliant with the tenets of international law as possible.”

9 See UN Charter, Articles 2(3) and 33, 36, 37, 39, and 42.

10 But see, for example, Cassese who argues that “peaceful means of settling disputes commensurate to the unfolding of…