U.S. Small Arms and Global Transfer Principles

Tasneem Jamal

…transfers and suggest that stronger legal controls could prevent leakage into illicit markets.

This paper is the result of research commissioned by Project Ploughshares for a project to engage civil society and governments in the Americas region in advancing international support for improved transfer controls in the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. A central project objective was to provide research to inform and advance commitment to global principles, based on state responsibilities under international law, to govern national decisions on the export of small arms and light weapons.

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Pursuing Peace in the Horn of Africa

Tasneem Jamal Africa, Armed Conflicts, Defence & Human Security

…zones stretching from Senegal all the way to Djibouti, Mozambique, and further. Thirty-four countries were in some sort of turmoil. If we look back over the last 30-40 years, we see instability, coups, and assassinations of leaders. I was shocked to realize that 16 heads of states and governments have been assassinated in the African Continent during that time. So the picture is grim.

Now when we look back, we can say, “Well, it seems the tide is turning.” I will list only a few examples. Currently, strictly speaking, on the whole continent there is really only half a red flag, in Darfur – well a little bit into Chad and Central Africa Republic. I’m not saying that there is…

How Secure is Outer Space? Assessing the Threat to Space

Ploughshares Space Security

…made some key revisions to the Radio Regulations, the international treaty governing the use of the radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits. However, governments cannot be forced to strictly apply ITU regulations.

Dealing with space debris at the international level . Ambitious international plans to mitigate debris began only a decade ago. In 2002 the European Space Agency produced the European Space Debris Safety and Mitigation Standard. That same year the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee, which is charged with coordinating national efforts, issued its first guidelines on limiting debris released during normal space operations, minimizing the potential for in-orbit breakups, post-mission disposal, and prevention of collisions. Today there is heightened international awareness of the space debris problem. More conferences and…

Canada and the failure to end the “thousand little wars” in Afghanistan

John Siebert Americas, Asia, Defence & Human Security, Mideast

…Canada’s role in Afghanistan after 2001 was not only a military response. Canada invested in development programs and supported emerging Afghan government institutions. But, under the banner of a whole-of-government approach, defence always took precedence. This approach overrode the checks and balances inherently and necessarily at play among various Canadian government agencies and departments (Siebert 2010); an example can be seen in the scandal that developed over the way in which Canada dealt with Afghan detainees.

In November 2010 we appeared before the House of Commons Special Committee on Afghanistan on behalf of The Canadian Council of Churches. The Prime Minister had just announced the extension of the Canadian Forces mission in Afghanistan for three more years, 2011-2014, with the…

A Statement from the Chair of Project Ploughshares

Tasneem Jamal Americas

…built in political dialogue to address differences and avoid violence.

As we join with all Canadians of good will in mourning, we also rededicate ourselves to the principles and traditions that make Canada strong: respect for diversity, tolerance of differences, and adherence to the rule of law even in response to the most disturbing breaches of acceptable human behaviour.

In the aftermath of the attacks in the United States in September 2001, Project Ploughshares outlined several principles that should be considered as Canada responded to terror attacks. The main points remain relevant in light of the attacks in Canada this week.

The Brief entitled, “Responding to Terror,” is available here.

Dr. Scott Kline Chair of the Governing Committee Project Ploughshares

Seventy years after Hiroshima, it’s high time to ban the bomb

Tasneem Jamal Nuclear Weapons

…believe that a comprehensive process for complete nuclear disarmament is long overdue, but with the few that question the merits, feasibility, and timeliness of a global ban on nuclear weapons. Canada has recently adopted minority positions at some of the most important multilateral governance forums that tackle nuclear disarmament.

During the 2014 UN General Assembly First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, 155 nations endorsed a joint statement focused on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons that said that these weapons should not be used “under any circumstances.” Canada did not.

During this year’s NPT Review Conference, 159 nations endorsed a similarly worded statement. Again, not Canada.

The Cataclysm of Damocles

Let us consider the words spoken by Gabriel Garcia…

Indonesia – Aceh (1998 – 2006)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

…Herald Tribune, May 5, 2003]

2002 A peace agreement signed in December in Geneva gave Aceh province autonomy and control of most of the revenue from the sale of its natural resources, mainly timber and gas. The plan called for gradual disarmament and demilitarization. It also established a Joint Security Committee (JSC) comprised of representatives of the Indonesian government and GAM, and a mutually endorsed third party to monitor the peace process. More than 23 countries offered support for reconstruction of the province.

“Since the signing, more than 23 countries have pledged reconstruction money. International aid organizations and the United Nations are assessing Aceh’s needs, and the Indonesian government says it will build roads, telephone and electricity lines and reconstruct

Sixty years on, the Pugwash work on global security continues

Cesar Jaramillo Nuclear Weapons Leave a Comment

…conference of scientists. Canadian industrialist Cyrus Eaton offered to finance that first conference. The venue was a small house—eventually known as Thinkers Lodge—in Pugwash, the town of Eaton’s birth.

Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 38 Issue 3 Autumn 2017 by Cesar Jaramillo

That conference was attended by 22 scientists from the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, Japan, Canada, Australia, China, Austria, France, and Poland. From it evolved an international movement, which has not only provided measured analysis on major security crises, but has helped to open up avenues for communication when traditional channels were blocked. The Nobel Committee awarded the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize to the Pugwash Conference and its first secretary-general, Joseph Rotblat. Today, Pugwash…

Canada’s unjustifiable absence from the global Arms Trade Treaty process

Tasneem Jamal Conventional Weapons

Author Cesar Jaramillo Published May 6, 2015 by Embassy , an Ottawa-based foreign policy weekly.

On April 20-21, the Austrian government hosted a preparatory meeting toward the First Conference of States Parties to the Arms Trade Treaty, which is to be held in Mexico next August. Delegations from dozens of countries, multilateral organizations and civil society gathered at the historic Hofburg Palace in Vienna to discuss matters crucial to the treaty’s implementation.

Yet Canada was nowhere to be found—the only North American state not present. Canada was also absent from the first ATT Preparatory Committee held in Trinidad and Tobago in February. Despite domestic and international calls to join the ATT, Canada has so

A United World or a Divided World? Multiethnicity, Rights, Terrorism

Tasneem Jamal Defence & Human Security

…rejects brute force, respects ethnic, cultural and political diversity and affirms justice, compassion and human solidarity.

We, the Nobel Peace Laureates and Laureate organizations, pledge to work for the realization of these goals and are calling on governments and people everywhere to join us.

Signed:

Mikhail Gorbachev, Kim Dae-Jung, Lech Walesa, Joseph Rotblat, José Ramos-Horta, Betty Williams, Mairead Corrigan Maguire, Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, and Rigoberta Menchú Tum; and United Nations Children’s Fund, Pugwash Conferences, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, International Peace Bureau, Institut de Droit international, American Friends Service Committee, Médecins Sans Frontières, Amnesty International, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, International Labour Organization, International Campaign to Ban Land Mines, United Nations