Yemen (2004 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Yemen (2004 – first combat deaths) The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Yemen, with the support of pro-government militias, against Houthi rebels, southern separatists and the Southern Movement, and Ansar al Sharia, associated with al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). What (started the conflict): The government was attempting to create a monopoly on …

Somalia (1988 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Armed Conflicts

Somalia (1988 – first combat deaths)       The Conflict at a Glance: Who (are the main combatants): The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS), along with the  Puntland and Jubaland administrations, are trying to create stability in the country. They are supported by Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama; Raskambomi; the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM); the United Nations; and the …

Philippines-Mindanao (1971 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

Philippines-Mindanao (1971 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of the Philippines, supported by the United States and various civilian militia groups, against particular Muslim separatist groups, including the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement/Fighters (BIFM/F), and the Abu Sayyaf …

Nigeria (1990 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Armed Conflicts

Nigeria (1990 – first combat deaths)   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): There is frequent conflict between the Nigerian Army and among ethnic groups and rebel factions in Nigeria, which hosts a resource-based conflict …

Kenya (1991 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Armed Conflicts

Kenya (1991 – first combat deaths)       The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Kenya, led by current President Uhuru Kenyetta and the National Alliance, has been in opposition with both Raila Odinga via the Coalition for Reforms and Democracy (CORD) as well as various armed ethnic and religious groups simultaneously. Protagonists in …

Israel-Palestine (1948 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Israel-Palestine (1948 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Israel, with strong support from the United States, opposes the governing authorities of the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO/Fatah), is in charge of the West Bank, while Hamas controls the Gaza Strip. In 2014, Fatah and Hamas formed …

Iraq (2003 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Iraq (2003 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The government of Iraq, supported by the Iraqi forces and the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), versus Shia and Sunni Muslim armed factions. What (started the conflict): Various factions are fighting for control of the state. Fighting has frequently taken the form …

Thailand (2004 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

Thailand (2004 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The former ruling party of Thailand, the Pheu Thai party, led by Yingluck Shinawatra, is supported by the political United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (also known as the Red Shirts). They are challenged by the anti-Shinawatra People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD, also known …

India – Northeast (1979 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

India – Northeast (1979 – first combat deaths)   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of India and northeastern state governments (especially Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya) are in conflict with rebel …

India – Maoist Insurgency (1980 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

India – Maoist Insurgency (1980 – first combat deaths)   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): Maoists (commonly known as Naxalites) seek to overthrow the current government and establish socialist-communist rule in India to address …