India – Kashmir (1947 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

India – Kashmir (1947 – first combat deaths)   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of India has a longstanding territorial dispute with the Government of Pakistan and Kashmiri rebel groups (supported by the Pakistani …

Russia (Chechnya) (1999 – first combat deaths in current phase)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Europe

Russia (Chechnya) (1999 – first combat deaths in current phase)     The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): Until recently, conflict had primarily been between the Russian Federation and the Kremlin-supported Republic of Chechnya and the Caucasus Emirate (CE), as well as smaller Islamist splinter groups in surrounding republics. However, by 2016, it appeared that CE had …

Colombia (1964 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Americas, Armed Conflicts

Last Updated: December 13, 2018 Who (are the main combatants): Historically the Colombian government and military, supported by the United States, have opposed left-wing guerrillas, especially the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN). In 2016, the government and FARC, the largest rebel group, signed a historic peace treaty. However, right-wing paramilitary gangs remain a threat …

Ukraine (2014 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Europe

Ukraine (2014 – first combat deaths)       The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Ukrainian government has deployed the Ukrainian Armed Forces and volunteer battalions to combat pro-Russian separatist fighters in eastern Ukraine. Separatists are reputed to be receiving military assistance from Russia in the form of personnel and equipment. What (started the conflict): Pro-western “Euromaidan” …

Burma-Myanmar (1988 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

Burma-Myanmar (1988 – first combat deaths)     Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Source Economic Factors       The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): Ethnic insurgency groups have thus fought military (now central) control, particularly in Rakhine State, where the Muslim minority …

Philippines-CPP/NPA (1969 – 2017)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Philippines-CPP/NPA (1969 – 2017)   Recently ended conflict (Updated: April 2017) In August 2016, after over 40 years of conflict, the National Democratic Front (NDFP) and the Filipino government agreed to a ceasefire and resumed peace talks. In October, the communist rebels and government agreed to create the foundational framework for a future peace deal. In November, an NDFP negotiator …

Ethiopia-Ogaden (2007– first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Armed Conflicts

Ethiopia-Ogaden (2007– first combat deaths)   Conflict at a Glance Who: The government of Ethiopia is fighting various rebel groups, notably the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). Insurgents seek varying levels of independence from the central government. Both the ONLF and the OLF want autonomy. Although OLF and the ONLF have periodically clashed over territorial …

Egypt (2011 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Armed Conflicts, Mideast

Egypt (2011 – first combat deaths)     Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): Since 2011, Egypt has experienced dramatic social upheaval and shifts in power. Control over the country has vacillated between the military Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF), which has acted independently of the President, and its allies, and various Islamic groups, pro-democracy actors, and their …

Algeria (1992 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Armed Conflicts

Last Updated: January 11, 2019 The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): With the support of Mali, Mauritania, and Niger and in cooperation with the United States, the United Kingdom, and France, the Government of Algeria is fighting al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and its various branches. The terrorist organization Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (now …

Chad (1965 – 2013)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Recently ended conflict (Updated: August 2014) After over 40 years of conflict, a disarmament deal between the main rebel group, the Union of Resistance Forces, and the government was signed in 2010, and the conflict has declined significantly thereafter. In 2010, Chad and Sudan agreed not to host rebel forces; relations with Sudan have improved since. In 2011, Chad held …