(covering the period January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014)
There were 29 armed conflicts in 26 countries in 2014, one more than in 2013. No conflict was removed from the Armed Conflicts Report this year. Total reported deaths in the conflicts in Ethiopia-Ogaden and Philippines (CPP/NPA) dropped to fewer than 25 in 2014, but no formal ceasefire was declared in either conflict and so both remain on the report. The conflict in Ukraine was added, with more than 4,700 deaths in 2014 (and more than 6,000 deaths as of March 2015). As in the previous year, most conflicts took place in Africa (12), and the fewest in the Americas (1).
Syria was the deadliest armed conflict in 2014, as in 2013. According to the Syrian Observatory on Human Rights, 76,021 people were killed, 17,790 civilian. The United Nations estimated that approximately 7.6-million Syrians were internally displaced and that 12.2-million required humanitarian assistance. As of September 3, 2014, more than three million Syrians had registered or were pending registration as refugees with the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq, and Egypt. Insurgent group Islamic State made territorial advances in towns on the border with Iraq and along the Euphrates, also moving west toward Aleppo. In late September the United States launched airstrikes against Islamic State militants and fighters linked to al-Qaeda central leadership, along with their affiliate Jabhat al-Nusra. Negotiations to find a political solution to Syria’s civil war, known as the Geneva II talks, did not produce tangible outcomes. UN Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura launched an initiative to establish a “freeze” in the fighting between the regime and opposition in Aleppo in mid-November.
South Sudan experienced a significant surge in violence in 2014 as the political conflict between President Salva Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, and former Vice-President Riek Machar, an ethnic Nuer, spurred ethnic tensions in the country. International Crisis Group estimated that since December 2013, at least 50,000 and possibly as many as 100,000 people had died in the conflict.According to UNHCR, there were 508,553 refugees, 4,091 asylum seekers, and 1,251,050 internally displaced persons from South Sudan in July 2014.