Controlling Small Arms in the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region

Tasneem Jamal

Anastase Shyaka, Theo Macha, Lydia Karungi, Ibrahim Farah, Aisha Ahmad, Daud Omar and Alexander Kibandana

Estimates put the number of small arms in global stockpiles at around 639 million. The continued accumulation and uncontrolled spread of these weapons has produced a wide range of negative political and socio-economic consequences. Proliferation of small arms also poses a serious threat to peace, reconciliation, safety, security and sustainable development. This is particularly true of the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes sub-region.

Recognizing the problems caused by small arms, foreign affairs ministers of Burundi, the DRC, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda signed the Nairobi Declaration. This document links security with development and outlines practical steps toward diminishing the prominence of small arms in individual countries and in the region as a whole.

This report includes five papers which were prepared for and presented at Supporting Implementation of the Nairobi Declaration, a regional workshop hosted by Project Ploughshares and the Africa Peace Forum as part of the joint project Nairobi Declaration II.  Its aim was to develop the capacity of indigenous researchers and to contribute policy options in response to the problem of small arms. 

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