This paper was prepared for the Small Arms Working Group of Peacebuild.
According to the UN 2001 Programme of Action (PoA), states are obligated to combat the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons (SALW) through the adoption of national legislation. This legislation should include regulations on (1) import, export and transit; (2) broker activities; (3) manufacturing and sales; (4) marking and tracing; (5) state and police possession and use; and (6) civilian possession and use. In addition, states must allocate sufficient resources to implement and enforce these measures.
This report aims to summarize the wealth of research relating to SALW regulation and note the current state of Canadian law with respect to the possession and use of SALW by civilians.