Global governance, like its national and local counterparts, goes through multiple stages, from the identification of a particular issue through to the implementation and enforcement of issue-specific policies. Due to the revolution in global communications, civil society is now engaged in all of those stages and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have emerged as centres of policy research, analysis and advocacy.
Active NGO involvement in the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review process has proved beneficial to the creation of global public policy. At the same time, NGOs continue to function without the rights, procedures and responsibilities which underlie formal participation.
Originally submitted as a Canadian working paper to the Second Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2005 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the purpose of this paper is to explore the ways and means of enhancing NGO participation in the NPT review process. The paper examines the modes of civil society participation in various multilateral forms, considers a variety of proposals for enhancing general participation, reviews NGO participation in the NPT review process to date and explores options of enhancing that participation.