2015 Peace and Human Security Agenda: Dedicated mediation efforts: A new frontier for Canada

John Siebert Americas, Defence & Human Security

Author John Siebert Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 35 Issue 2 Summer 2014 Since the end of the Second World War, Canada has been a strong supporter of multilateralism to assist in the resolution of armed conflicts and to advance peaceful solutions to conflicts that could result in war. It may be strange, therefore, for people to realize that Canada’s Foreign Ministry, now …

2015 Peace and Human Security Agenda: Gender, human rights, and violent conflict

John Siebert Defence & Human Security

Author John Siebert Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 35 Issue 2 Summer 2014 In 2010, in response to UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women and Armed Conflict and related UNSC resolutions, Canada created a national plan for implementing Canada’s commitment to enhance the capacity of women to participate in peace processes. UNSC Resolution 1325 established an international normative framework, on which Canada …

2015 Peace and Human Security Agenda: Armed violence reduction and conventional weapons control

Kenneth Epps Armed Conflicts, Conventional Weapons, Defence & Human Security

Author Kenneth Epps Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 35 Issue 2 Summer 2014 The Global Burden of Armed Violence estimates that more than 500,000 people are killed annually by armed violence—an average of one death per minute. The vast majority of those killed are either civilians deliberately or indirectly targeted by combatants in armed conflicts or, more often, young men caught up in …

2015 Peace and Human Security Agenda: Canada and multilateral peace operations

Kenneth Epps Americas, Defence & Human Security

Author Kenneth Epps Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 35 Issue 2 Summer 2014 Canada’s military mission in Afghanistan failed. The reasons will be debated for years to come. What is not debatable is that Canada’s combat escalation in Afghanistan corresponded to a major decline in Canadian commitment to UN peacekeeping operations. The completion of Canadian troop withdrawal from Afghanistan …

2015 Peace and Human Security Agenda: Completing the push for nuclear disarmament

Cesar Jaramillo Nuclear Weapons

Author Cesar Jaramillo Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 35 Issue 2 Summer 2014 More than 40 years after the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) came into force, there are still more than 17,000 nuclear weapons in existence, which are capable of destroying the biosphere and human civilization. The continued disregard by Nuclear Weapons States of the NPT obligation to disarm …

2015 Peace and Human Security Agenda: Canadian defence budget and procurement

Kenneth Epps Americas, Conventional Weapons

Author Kenneth Epps Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 35 Issue 2 Summer 2014 When the Canada First Defence Strategy was announced in 2008 the government promised that nearly half-a-trillion dollars would be spent on the operations and equipment of the Canadian Armed Forces over a 20-year period. This budget did not include significant supplementary funding for the Canadian Forces …

Canada’s arms exports: New report reflects old habits that fall short of the transparency standards of the Arms Trade Treaty

Kenneth Epps Conventional Weapons

Author Kenneth Epps Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 35 Issue 2 Summer 2014 In February the Export Controls Bureau of Foreign Affairs, Development and Trade Canada (DFATD) posted without notice its latest report on the export of military goods from Canada. The report reveals details of arms exports to all recipient countries except the United States for the calendar years 2010 and 2011. …

Canada’s Space Policy Framework 2014

John Siebert Space Security

Author John Siebert Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 35 Issue 2 Summer 2014 Industry support in an international policy vacuum On February 7 Industry Minister James Moore released Canada’s Space Policy Framework: Launching the Next Generation (CSA 2014). This policy document was developed in response to the government-mandated study of Canada’s space industry by former federal Cabinet Minister David Emerson, Reaching Higher: …

Canada and the failure to end the “thousand little wars” in Afghanistan

John Siebert Americas, Asia, Defence & Human Security, Mideast

Author John Siebert Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 35 Issue 2 Summer 2014 April 1 marked the end of Canada’s military mission in Afghanistan. It was Canada’s longest and costliest expeditionary war since Korea in the 1950s. It failed. And that failure has been evident since 2006. Far too much faith was placed in military options to defeat the Taliban and …