Ethiopia-Ogaden (2007– first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Armed Conflicts

Ethiopia-Ogaden (2007– first combat deaths)   Conflict at a Glance Who: The government of Ethiopia is fighting various rebel groups, notably the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). Insurgents seek varying levels of independence from the central government. Both the ONLF and the OLF want autonomy. Although OLF and the ONLF have periodically clashed over territorial …

Algeria (1992 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Africa, Armed Conflicts

Last Updated: January 11, 2019 The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): With the support of Mali, Mauritania, and Niger and in cooperation with the United States, the United Kingdom, and France, the Government of Algeria is fighting al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and its various branches. The terrorist organization Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (now …

The European Union outsources asylum policy and protection

Sonal Marwah Africa, Europe, Featured, Forced Displacement and Migration

In a deal reached in March 2016 between the European Union (EU) and Turkey, “all new irregular migrants” who reached Greece after March 20 were to be returned to Turkey. In exchange the EU would resettle more Syrian refugees living in Turkey, increase its financial support for refugees in Turkey, and remove visa requirements for Turkish citizens (Collett 2016). To …

Chad (1965 – 2013)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Recently ended conflict (Updated: August 2014) After over 40 years of conflict, a disarmament deal between the main rebel group, the Union of Resistance Forces, and the government was signed in 2010, and the conflict has declined significantly thereafter. In 2010, Chad and Sudan agreed not to host rebel forces; relations with Sudan have improved since. In 2011, Chad held …

Burundi (1988 – 2010)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Recently ended conflict (updated: February 2011) In 2006, the government and the main rebel group, Forces Nationales de Liberation (FNL), signed a peace agreement that included a provision to demobilize the FNL and integrate them into the national army. Despite this agreement and an official end to the civil war, violent clashes between the FNL and national army continued, most …

Uganda (1987- 2010)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Recently ended conflict (updated: January 2011) With no LRA-related deaths on Ugandan soil for a number of consecutive years, Uganda was removed from the ACR in 2010. In 2007, after two decades of armed violence in Northern Uganda, the Ugandan government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) signed the Agreement on Comprehensive Solutions, which bound them to find lasting solutions …

Angola-Cabinda (1994 – 2006)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2007) The Angolan government signed the Memorandum of Understanding in July 2006, a peace agreement with one faction of the rebel group FLEC (Front for the Liberation of the Cabinda Enclave). Because of this, and few reported conflict related deaths over the past two years (less than 25 per year), this armed conflict is now deemed …

Senegal (1982 – 2005)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: December 2005) A peace deal between the government and MFDC rebels was signed at the end of December 2004. The peace process continued as the second round of negotiations, the Foundiouque II talks, began in December 2005. There were no reports of fighting by MFDC factions opposed to the 2004 peace deal. Summary Type of Conflict Parties …

Liberia (2000 – 2004)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2005) The 2003 Comprehensive Peace Agreement held through 2004 as fewer than 25 people were killed in conflict-related violence. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors                 Summary: 2004 The 2003 Comprehensive Peace Agreement held …

Rwanda (1990 – 2003)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2004) In 2003, for the second straight year, there were no confirmed reports of clashes between Rwandan armed forces and Hutu militants based in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Rwanda maintained its soldiers had completely withdrawn from the DRC early in the year. The continued deployment of the United Nations Mission to the DRC …