Angola (1975 – 2002)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: September 2003) The Angolan civil war ended in mid-2002 and throughout 2003 the country began the process of rebuilding. Since the end of the conflict, more than a million Angolans who had fled the country have returned. The main rebel group, Unita, laid down its weapons and re-established itself as a political party. However, in spite of …

Sierra Leone (1991 – 2002)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: September 2002) Although a formal peace process was initiated in 1999, the civil war in Sierra Leone was not officially declared over until January 2002 when over 45,000 combatants were confirmed to be disarmed. Elections held in May 2002 were generally peaceful and were declared free and fair by a number of independent monitoring organizations. President Ahmad …

Ethiopia-Eritrea (1998 – 2001)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: February 2002) The peace agreement signed between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 2000 in Algiers was respected by both sides with no reported fighting or deaths in 2001.   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources                Summary 2000 Fighting between Ethiopia and Eritrea …

South Africa (1990 – 2001)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: February 2002) The South African conflict was considered at an end when 2001 became the second successive year of fewer than 25 reported deaths due to conflict violence. During 2001 a few violent incidents took place in provincial elections, resulting in at least two reported deaths. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the …

Congo-Brazzaville [Republic of Congo] (1997 – 2001)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts

Archived conflict (updated: January 2002) The peace agreement signed in 2000 held through 2001 and there were no reports of fighting between government and rebel forces. In a symbolic gesture 800 weapons were turned over by rebel groups in April 2001 and publicly destroyed to emphasize both sides’ commitment to peace.   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status …