A Peace to Keep in Afghanistan

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 08-1 Author Ernie Regehr The final report of the Independent Panel on Canada’s Future Role in Afghanistan (Manley Panel) (2008) reinforced a prominent misperception in the current debate over the role of Canadian forces in Afghanistan, namely that “there is not yet a peace to keep in Afghanistan.” In large areas of the country, essentially the northern half, there …

Nuclear Disarmament or Nuclear Ambivalence

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 07-4 Author Ernie Regehr Global Public Opinion on Nuclear Weapons, a new public opinion survey of six key states, reveals a challenging ambivalence toward nuclear weapons: it seems that people in nuclear weapon states think that these weapons make the world more dangerous but them safer.  It is tempting to call these views contradictory views, but it is logically …

Elections in Sudan 2008/9: A complex challenge in need of urgent donor attention

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 07-2 Author Emily Schroeder The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on 9 January 2005 marked the formal conclusion of the civil war between the Sudanese Government (based in Khartoum) and the southern-based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). According to the CPA, in 2011, after a six-year Interim Period following the peace agreement, “there shall be an internationally …

Hybrid AU-UN Operation in Darfur: Precedents, Progress and Challenges

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 07-3 Author Emily Schroeder There has been significant movement by the international community to substantially improve the political and security situation in Darfur. United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769, passed in July 2007, mandated a new hybrid UN-African Union peacekeeping force for Darfur. This new UN-AU force could set important precedents on practical application of the doctrine of the …

Canada, India and Changing the Non-Proliferation Rules

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 07-1 Author Ernie Regehr By virtue of India’s unauthorized use of Canadian-origin technology, Canada has figured prominently, if unwillingly, in five decades of Indian nuclear weapons development. Now, a proposal to exempt India from prevailing nuclear cooperation restrictions could mean either a reinforcement of that pattern or a chance for Canada to channel its historical involvement into support for …

How the West Undermines Nuclear Non-Proliferation

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 06-7 Author Ernie Regehr While the United Nations Security Council struggles to achieve the verifiable disavowal of nuclear weapons by Iran and North Korea, Europe and North America are busy championing nuclear weapons as indispensable to their security and as the preeminent symbol of prestige and strategic gravitas in the international community. The result is a political climate that …

Responding to the North Korean Bomb

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 06-6 Author Ernie Regehr Scarcely a year before its October 9 test of a nuclear warhead, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea or the DPRK) made a commitment, in a joint statement with its partners in the Six-Party Talks, “to abandoning all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs and returning, at an early date, to the Treaty …

Afghanistan: From Good Intentions to Sustainable Solutions

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 06-5 Author Ernie Regehr If good intentions and serious effort were what it takes, Afghanistan would be a peaceful democracy today, but a half-decade of security, democratization, and reconstruction effort have only left a frayed and fading vision of sustainable peace. When citizens of Kabul rioted in the streets in June 2006, it was not from anger at an …

NORAD Renewal: Considerations for the parliamentary debate

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 06-4 Author Ernie Regehr As Parliament debates the renewal of NORAD, the following should be considered: No indefinite extension of NORAD without public consultations on current and proposed changes in North American security. NORAD’s separation of joint warning functions from national surveillance and control functions in the space and maritime environments should be extended to air operations as well. …

Afghanistan: Toward counterinsurgency by other means

Tasneem Jamal

Briefing 06-1 Author Ernie Regehr Is Canada going to Afghanistan to help protect vulnerable people and create security conditions conducive to humanitarian and reconstruction efforts, or are we entering the fight on one side of a civil war? At issue is the military-centred counterinsurgency effort in Afghanistan. The Americans lead it under Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) but are anxious to …