Russia (Chechnya) (1999 – first combat deaths in current phase)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Europe

Russia (Chechnya) (1999 – first combat deaths in current phase)     The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): Until recently, conflict had primarily been between the Russian Federation and the Kremlin-supported Republic of Chechnya and the Caucasus Emirate (CE), as well as smaller Islamist splinter groups in surrounding republics. However, by 2016, it appeared that CE had …

The case for the Petrov rule

Branka Marijan Conventional Weapons, Emerging Technologies, Europe, Featured Leave a Comment

On September 26, 1983, Stanislav Petrov, a 44-year-old lieutenant-colonel in the Soviet Air Defence Forces, made a critical decision (Chan 2017). Petrov was on duty at Serpukhov-15, a control centre outside Moscow that monitored the Soviet Union’s Oko early-warning satellite system, which identified ballistic missile launches, mainly by the United States. The Soviet Union/Russia used these satellites until 2015. Petrov …

Ukraine (2014 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Europe

Ukraine (2014 – first combat deaths)       The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Ukrainian government has deployed the Ukrainian Armed Forces and volunteer battalions to combat pro-Russian separatist fighters in eastern Ukraine. Separatists are reputed to be receiving military assistance from Russia in the form of personnel and equipment. What (started the conflict): Pro-western “Euromaidan” …

Russian arms sold to U.S. for Afghan Army

Kenneth Epps Americas, Asia, Conventional Weapons, Europe, Mideast

UPDATE: Pentagon cancels contract As the result of bipartisan U.S. Congressional opposition, the Pentagon has cancelled the latest order of Russian Mi-17 helicopters for Afghanistan. Many members of Congress objected to the U.S. buying equipment from the same source that supplies Syrian government forces.  Wars come and go but the military industry lives on. The Russian state-owned arms trade company, Rosoboronexport, …

States Parties NPT Reports: Russia

Tasneem Jamal Asia, Europe, Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Reporting — Nuclear Weapons States 2009 Statement by the Delegation of the Russian Federation at the Third Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons on cluster I issues (nuclear disarmament), Practical Steps of the Russian Federation in the Field of Nuclear Disarmament, …

Serbia and Montenegro (ex-Yugoslavia) – Kosovo (1998 – 2006)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Europe

Archived conflict (updated: January 2007) As the death toll remained minimal for the second year in a row, this conflict is deemed to have ended. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources     Summary: 2006 Decentralization talks began in January and continued throughout the year, though …

Bosnia-Herzegovina – Attaining Human Security

Kenneth Epps Defence & Human Security, Europe

Author Kenneth Epps The Ploughshares Monitor June 2000 Volume 21 Issue 2 As part of an ongoing exploration of the relevance of human security doctrine and values to Canadian defence policy and planning, Project Ploughshares has sought to engage Defence and Foreign Affairs officials, members of the strategic affairs community, and members of the NGO community in regular discussions and roundtables, …

Kosovo and the 1997 Landmines Treaty

Tasneem Jamal Conventional Weapons, Europe

Author Mary Foster The Ploughshares Monitor September 1999 Volume 20 Issue 3 This text was excerpted from a longer paper available from Mines Action Canada (MAC), where Mary Foster is a staffperson. The views expressed in this paper are her own. The 1997 Landmines Treaty has been celebrated as a humanitarian achievement towards ending the grievous impact of landmines. How did …

Kosovo and Civil Society – Some Reflections

Tasneem Jamal Defence & Human Security, Europe

Author Lowell Ewert The Ploughshares Monitor September 1999 Volume 20 Issue 3 This article was adapted from the “Introduction” written by Lowell Ewert and contained in Civil Society: A Foundation for Sustainable Economic Development, edited by Melissa Rose and Lowell Ewert, published by Mercy Corps International and the Coalition for Christian Colleges and Universities, 1998. Lowell Ewert is Director of Peace …

Canadian Church Leaders Call for an End to NATO Bombing

Tasneem Jamal Americas, Armed Conflicts, Defence & Human Security, Europe

The Canadian Council of Churches OTTAWA (CCC)–In their first formal meeting with a Prime Minister of Canada since 1983, senior leaders of seven member churches of the Canadian Council of Churches (CCC) urged Canada’s government to press hard for global nuclear disarmament and for a negotiated rather than a military solution to the crisis in Kosovo.  [The former item was …