Iraq – Shia Muslims (1991 – 2003)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: January 2004) Following the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, the Iraqi security forces were disbanded, ending the conflict between Iraqi government forces under Saddam Hussein and Shia fighters within the country. However, following the fall and subsequent capture of President Hussein, several Shia factions remained engaged in armed conflict. These clashed with each other for power …

Iran (1979 – 2003)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: December 2003) Because there have been few reported conflict deaths over the past two years (fewer than 25 per year), this armed conflict is now deemed to have ended. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources                 …

Turkey (1984 – 2002)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Europe, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: March 2003) Turkey was removed from the active list of armed conflicts because, despite some skirmishes between government and rebel forces, reported conflict-related deaths for 2002 totalled fewer than 25 for the second consecutive year. In its bid to join the European Union, the government also initiated a number of reforms in 2002 to grant Turkish Kurds …

What Powell Didn’t Say

Tasneem Jamal Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Authors Ernie Regehr and Gerry Barr Published by the Ottawa Citizen Gerry Barr is president and CEO of the Canadian Council for International Co-operation The U.S. secretary of state didn’t tell the United Nations that a war against Iraq will produce a humanitarian disaster, with children among those most at risk. Colin Powell, the U.S. secretary of state, presented a …

There’s Not Enough Evidence to Justify War

Tasneem Jamal Armed Conflicts, Asia, Mideast

Author Ernie Regehr Published by The Record (Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario) U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell has now brought new “evidence” to the UN Security Council which he says exposes Iraq’s ongoing deceit and defiance and thus justifies an American-led attack. But there are three additional categories of evidence that should be central to any decision on military action and all …

Egypt (1992 – 2000)

Ploughshares Africa, Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Mideast

Archived conflict (updated: January 2001) After years of declining casualties, Egypt has been removed from the list of active armed conflicts. Fewer than 25 conflict-related deaths during 1999 and 2000 suggest that fighting between government forces and Islamic militants ended. In 2000 the Muslim Brotherhood participated in parliamentary elections.   Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the …