Philippines-Mindanao (1971 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

Philippines-Mindanao (1971 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The Government of the Philippines, supported by the United States and various civilian militia groups, against particular Muslim separatist groups, including the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement/Fighters (BIFM/F), and the Abu Sayyaf …

Thailand (2004 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

Thailand (2004 – first combat deaths)   The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): The former ruling party of Thailand, the Pheu Thai party, led by Yingluck Shinawatra, is supported by the political United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (also known as the Red Shirts). They are challenged by the anti-Shinawatra People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD, also known …

Burma-Myanmar (1988 – first combat deaths)

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Asia

Burma-Myanmar (1988 – first combat deaths)     Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Source Economic Factors       The Conflict at a Glance Who (are the main combatants): Ethnic insurgency groups have thus fought military (now central) control, particularly in Rakhine State, where the Muslim minority …

Philippines-CPP/NPA (1969 – 2017)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Philippines-CPP/NPA (1969 – 2017)   Recently ended conflict (Updated: April 2017) In August 2016, after over 40 years of conflict, the National Democratic Front (NDFP) and the Filipino government agreed to a ceasefire and resumed peace talks. In October, the communist rebels and government agreed to create the foundational framework for a future peace deal. In November, an NDFP negotiator …

Indonesia – Aceh (1998 – 2006)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: January 2007) In 2006, implementation of the 2005 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) continued successfully, resulting in the passing of a bill granting Aceh province considerable autonomy. Elections in December were well attended resulting in a 38 per cent victory by former rebel leader Irwandi Yusuf. Violent clashes between the government and GAM rebels were minimal and this armed conflict …

Indonesia – Molucca (Maluku) Islands (1999 – 2006)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: January 2007) There were no reports of conflict-related casualties during 2006. This, combined with relative stability and low casualty figures in 2005 (fewer than 25) means that this armed conflict is now considered to have ended. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic …

Indonesia – West Papua (Irian Jaya) (1969 – 2004)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: January 2005) Minor clashes between rival groups and sporadic low-intensity fighting between government forces and rebels continued in 2004 but fewer than 50 deaths can be attributed to the conflict since 2002. Plans to divide the province and Indonesian reluctance to enforce special autonomy for the Papua regions prolonged political tensions, however. Summary Type of Conflict Parties …

Indonesia – Sulawesi (1998 – 2004)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: January 2005) Because there have been few reported conflict deaths over the past two years (fewer than 25 per year), this armed conflict is now deemed to have ended. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors Summary: 2004 Conflict violence abated dramatically …

Indonesia – Kalimantan (1996 – 2003)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: November 2002) In 2003, there were no reports of fatal clashes between the Dayak and Madurese communities for a second consecutive year. Summary Type of Conflict Parties to the Conflict Status of the Fighting Number of Deaths Political Developments Background Arms Sources Economic Factors Summary: 2002 The conflict reached a stand-still as most Madurese fled conflict areas …

Indonesia – East Timor (1975 – 2001)

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Armed Conflicts, Asia

Archived conflict (updated: December 2001) There was no reported fighting or conflict-related deaths in 2001. Closely monitored by 8,000 UN Peacekeepers, August elections for East Timor’s first democratically elected assembly were peaceful with a turnout of more than 90 per cent. Initial steps were taken to create East Timor’s national army and talks were held with former militia members to …