The War in Yemen: 2011-2018: The elusive road to peace

Sonal Marwah Asia, Defence & Human Security, Featured, Forced Displacement and Migration, Mideast Leave a Comment

              Working paper 18-1 November 2018 By Sonal Marwah and Tom Clark Executive summary The United Nations (UN) has played a key role in most recent peace processes, but has not, thus far, been an effective force for peace in Yemen, which is now the site of one of the world’s bloodiest internationalized civil …

UN Arms Embargoes and the Arms Trade Treaty

Kenneth Epps

Author Kenneth Epps Working Paper 10-2 This paper argues that forthcoming negotiations of an international Arms Trade Treaty would benefit from the lessons learned from states’ implementation of United Nations arms embargoes. Additionally, by creating a global regulatory framework for the effective control of conventional arms transfers, a robust ATT would strengthen embargo implementation. An ATT and arm embargoes could …

U.S. Policy and the Arms Trade Treaty

Tasneem Jamal

Author Rachel Stohl Working Paper 10-1 Unlike their nuclear counterparts, conventional weapons have been relatively unregulated in international forums. Because the global trade in conventional arms is a necessary and integral part of global security and international commerce, States have been hesitant to place conditions on and criteria for the transfer of conventional weapons. Global agreements on conventional arms have …

A Roundtable on Nuclear Issues in Relation to Iran

Tasneem Jamal Asia, Mideast, Nuclear Weapons

Authors Ernie Regehr and Bill Janzen Working Paper 09-1 This paper reports on the proceedings of a roundtable organized by Project Ploughshares, the Mennonite Central Committee Canada, the University of Ottawa and the Iranian embassy in Ottawa. The objective of the roundtable was to deepen common understanding of Iran’s nuclear policies and perspectives, to offer Canadian perspectives on nuclear non-proliferation …

Small Arms Proliferation and Misuse: Towards a Caribbean plan of action

Tasneem Jamal

Working Paper 08-1 In a 2007 report, the UN noted that murder rates in the Caribbean had reached 30 per 100,000 each year – higher than any other region of the world. Caribbean societies have the distinction of receiving illegal small arms at a rate that has consistently increased over the last decade, despite numerous costly and varied interventions by …

Nuclear Disarmament: An action agenda for Canada

Tasneem Jamal

Author Ernie Regehr Working Paper 07-1 Nuclear disarmament principles and practices are under severe threat. This means that all of us and the planet itself are under threat, confirmation of which is offered in the recent movement of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (2007) Doomsday Clock two minutes closer to midnight. The combination of nuclear use doctrines, modernization programs, …

Towards Safe and Sustainable Communities: Addressing armed violence as a development priority

Kenneth Epps

Author Kenneth Epps Working Paper 07-2 Since 2006, Project Ploughshares has worked with the policy branch of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) on a joint project to address the urgent need for linking official development assistance (ODA) programs with armed violence prevention and reduction and, more specifically, with the control and reduction of small arms and light weapons (SALW). …

U.S. Small Arms and Global Transfer Principles

Tasneem Jamal

Author Rachel Stohl Working Paper 06-1 The United States is the world’s largest arms exporter and leads all countries in both arms transfer agreements with and arms deliveries to developing nations. In 2004, the U.S. concluded $6.9 billion in transfer agreements and $9.6 billion in arms deliveries, and those are only the recorded sales. The U.S. also transfers arms through …

Canada and Small Arms Exports

Kenneth Epps

Author Kenneth Epps Working Paper 06-2 In the international arena Canada has been an exemplary and consistent advocate of improved and restrictive controls on the transfers of small arms and light weapons (SALW). Quite apart from the leadership demonstrated by the Ottawa Process that led to the 1997 Landmines Treaty (and landmines, after all, are one very specific class of …

The Responsibility to Protect: East, West and Southern African perspectives on preventing and responding to humanitarian crises

Tasneem Jamal Africa

Author Greg Puley Working Paper 05-5 This paper draws on the findings of a series of consultations carried out in East, West and southern Africa in 2004 and 2005. It has two primary objectives: (1) to provide an overview of current efforts to develop a more effective multilateral approach to preventing and responding to serious humanitarian crises in Africa, with …