We Call for Peace: Statements on Peace by Canadian Churches and Religious Organizations

Tasneem Jamal

Working Paper 94-3

Table of Contents

Introduction The Canadian Council of Churches The Anglican Church of Canada The Catholic Church and organizations The Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada Mennonite conferences and organizations The Presbyterian Church in Canada The Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) The United Church of Canada

Introduction

By Martin Rumscheidt, Project Ploughshares National Board member

There is no peace to keep,” said the blue-helmeted soldier. Such has been the experience of the United Nations in its nearly 40-year-long effort to find the way to peace. Was Mahatma Gandhi right when he declared that there is no way to peace but that peace is the way?

Churches throughout the world have declared,

Outer Space and Global Security

Tasneem Jamal

shape the global high-resolution commercial remote sensing market. The United States should continue to study and evaluate the evolution of this market to ensure that its policy objectives are being met. Regulatory mechanisms such as shutter control that the United States has put in place appear to provide an equitable balance between economic considerations and national security concerns. These mechanisms should also be self-regulating to a large degree. If the United States overuses shutter control, it may drive potential customers to foreign imagery providers; but such a control is required before the United States should create incentives for its high-resolution commercial remote sensing industry to dominate the global market. This area also offers the potential for novel means of control…

United Church of Canada Seminar Presentation

Tasneem Jamal

continuing through the work of the Aboriginal Rights Coalition and KAIROS—the United Church has advocated for Aboriginal rights, including First Nations self-government.

Justice and Right Relationship are focused on how we, as a church, are working to address the painful legacy of Indian Residential Schools, a legacy in which the United Church was directly involved. In both 1986 and 1998, we formally apologised to Aboriginal people for our role in imposing western European culture and more specifically for our involvement in the Indian Residential School system. We continue to work to fulfill the words of these apologies.

The United Church is a signatory to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement of which the Truth and Reconciliation Commission is a part….

Response to an Ecumenical Call to Just Peace

Tasneem Jamal

the “just war” tradition obsolete, as the JPC does, these questions, theoretically, have been answered. These are not the ways the church envisions peace to come. The church has not prepared itself to execute any of these options. And yet it wants to speak to these questions, and the non-church wants it to speak to them, too. It is somewhat akin to the horse-and-buggy Amish advising Chrysler how to build better cars, and being expected by others to do so with high levels of expertise.

The irony is that the church is somehow holding itself responsible to be something that it is not. More seriously, the church is held responsible by what it is not to be what it cannot…

Just Peacemaking: Canadian Church Perspectives and Contributions

Tasneem Jamal

for just such a conversation.

You can join the conversation. Review the documents provided here and the links to related information. Use the comments section at the bottom of the page to keep the conversation going.

Participants Bruce Adema, Christian Reformed Church in North America, Ecumenical Officer Gail Allan, United Church of Canada, Ecumenical Officer, Interchurch & Interfaith Stephen Allen, Presbyterian Church in Canada, Associate Secretary of Justice Ministries Gianne Broughton, Canadian Friends Service Committee, Program Coordinator Jeffrey Brown, Canadian Unitarian Council, University of Toronto chaplain Lawrence Cumming, United Church of Canada, Project Ploughshares board member Jim Davis, KAIROS: Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives, Program Coordinator Donna Fitzpatrick-Lewis, Presbyterian Church in Canada, Project Ploughshares board member Nathan Funk, Conrad Grebel University…

Humanitarian Intervention: A Review of Literature

Tasneem Jamal 0 Comments

…[Online] Available from http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199900/cmselect/cmfaff/28/2813.htm#a34.

United Nations 1999, Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, UN Doc. No. S/1999/957, 8 September.

United Nations 1998, UN Doc. S/RES/1036 (1998), September 23.

United Nations 1995, Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization: Supplement to an Agenda for Peace, UN Doc. A/50/60-S1995/1, 3 January.

Walzer, Michael 1992, Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations, 2nd ed., Basic Books, New York.

Weiss, Thomas 1999, Military Civilian Interactions: Intervening in Humanitarian Crises, Rowman and Littlefield, Publishers Inc., Lanham, Maryland.

Wheeler, Nicholas J. and Morris, Justin 1996, “Humanitarian Intervention and State Practice at the End of the Cold War,” pp. 135-171 in…

Humanitarian Intervention: A Review of Literature

Tasneem Jamal

…23. [Online] Available from http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199900/cmselect/cmfaff/28/2813.htm#a34.

United Nations 1999, Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, UN Doc. No. S/1999/957, 8 September.

United Nations 1998, UN Doc. S/RES/1036 (1998), September 23.

United Nations 1995, Report of the Secretary-General on the Work of the Organization: Supplement to an Agenda for Peace, UN Doc. A/50/60-S1995/1, 3 January.

Walzer, Michael 1992, Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations, 2nd ed., Basic Books, New York.

Weiss, Thomas 1999, Military Civilian Interactions: Intervening in Humanitarian Crises, Rowman and Littlefield, Publishers Inc., Lanham, Maryland.

Wheeler, Nicholas J. and Morris, Justin 1996, “Humanitarian Intervention and State Practice at the End of the Cold War,” pp. 135-171…

Assessing Economic Sanctions: Report on Project Ploughshares’ Forum on Economic Sanctions

Tasneem Jamal

…1992; Majid Khadduri and Edmund Ghareeb, War in the Gulf, 1990-91: The Iraq-Kuwait Conflict and Its Implications, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997; and Edward Said, “Apocalypse Now,” Al Ahram Weekly-Cairo (November, 1997).

9. The full text of United Nations Security Council Resolutions and related documents can be found in several places including The Kuwait Crisis: Basic Documents, Vol. 1, ed. E. Lauterpacht, C.J. Greenwood, Marc Weller, and Daniel Bethlehem, Cambridge International Documents Series, Cambridge: Grotius Publications Limited, 1991; United Nations, The United Nations and the Iraq-Kuwait Conflict, 1990-1996, Vol. IX, The United Nations Blue Books Series, New York: United Nations, 1996; and the United Nations World Wide Web page.

10. David E. Reuther, “UN Sanctions Against Iraq,” in Economic Sanctions:…

Church Leaders United Against War in Iraq

Tasneem Jamal

and Helvetic Confessions in Austria Rev. Thomas Wipf, president of the Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches Bishop Jonas Jonson, Bishop of the Church of Sweden Rev. Kjell Jonasson, Church of Sweden Rev. Canon Dr Trond Bakkevig, Church of Norway Archbishop Jukka Parma, Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland Bischop Karsten Nissen, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark Dr. Alison Elliot, Church of Scotland and Churches Together in Scotland (ACTS) Rev Arie W. van der Plas, Reformed Churches in the Netherlands and Uniting Protestant Churches in the Netherlands Archbishop Feofan, Russian Orthodox Church, archbishop of Berlin and Germany Bishop Athanasius of Achaja, Church of Greece Rev. Dr. Nuhad Daoud Tomeh, representing the General Secretariat of the Middle East Council of Churches Mr. Thor-Arne…

An Unequivocal Landmark: The 2000 Review of the Non-Proliferation Treaty

Tasneem Jamal

…protestations that reductions in nuclear stocks signal their compliance with the NPT, it is necessary to examine policy statements of the NWS. (This section should be read in conjunction with Appendix “C” “Global Nuclear Stockpiles, 1945-2000,” published in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, March-April, 2000.)

4.2 In the case of the United States, there is a stark contrast between their reductions, and their intention to retain nuclear weapons indefinitely. In his Annual Report to the President and Congress 2000, Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen put U.S. policy succinctly:

“Nuclear forces are an essential element of U.S. security, serving as a hedge against an uncertain future and as a guarantee of U.S. commitments to allies. Accordingly, the United States…