Project Ploughshares is a Canadian peace research institute with a focus on disarmament efforts and international security, specifically related to the arms trade, emerging military and security technologies, nuclear weapons, and outer space.
Latest Analysis & Commentary
Canadian military aid to Ukraine in 2022June 16, 2022
In response to Russia’s February invasion of Ukraine, Canada has announced successive shipments of military goods to the Ukrainian government. As of mid-May 2022, the value of all committed transfers was in excess of $150-million, with military aid worth a further $500-million proposed in Canada’s 2022 federal budget.
No Canadian leadership on autonomous weaponsJune 6, 2022
For some time, Canada’s silence has been a standard feature of international discussions on autonomous weapons. True to form, Canada remained quiet at the April 26-27 informal, virtual sessions on lethal autonomous weapons systems hosted by Brazil, the current chair of the United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW).
The ATT in 2022: Focus on post-shipment controlsJune 6, 2022
The eighth Conference of States Parties to the Arms Trade Treaty (CSP8) will be held this August. The theme chosen by conference president Germany is post-shipment controls and on-site verification. These instruments provide innovative ways to protect against the diversion of exported weapons systems once they leave the exporter’s hands.
How to use open-source intelligence to get to the truthJune 6, 2022
The term “open-source intelligence” refers to data that is accessible to everyone. At one time, this would mean sources that could be readily found in public and university libraries, in newspapers, books, journals, government documents, and curated collections.
How civil society can help to end warJune 6, 2022
Before legislation is passed and treaties are signed, history tells us civil society plays a critical and irreplaceable role in ending war. Labour unions, human rights organizations, faith communities, community organizations, educational institutions, healthcare workers – all play their parts in channelling the political will of a society.
Statement to the Open-ended Working Group on Reducing Space ThreatsJune 6, 2022
I am here on behalf of both Project Ploughshares – a Canadian peace and arms control research institute – and the Canadian Pugwash Group, which is committed to the abolition of weapons of mass destruction and has a long tradition of “dialogue-across-divides.” Both of these organizations have long supported efforts to develop formal arms control mechanisms for outer space.
A security framework for nuclear abolitionJune 6, 2022
Imagine that the international community has just eliminated nuclear weapons. That an auspicious combination of genuine political will, good-faith diplomatic engagement, and effective leadership has resulted in comprehensive and credible multilateral disarmament negotiations that made irreversible nuclear abolition a reality.
The Ploughshares Monitor: Summer 2022Volume 43 Issue 2 A quarterly publication of Project Ploughshares Please click on attachment to view document: Spread the Word
Developing norms for enhanced security in outer space: Process and prioritiesThis document reflects research and analysis conducted by Project Ploughshares Senior Researcher Dr. Jessica West and Gilles Doucet of Spectrum Space Security on how the existing normative framework in outer...
Regulating new tools of warfare: Insights from humanitarian disarmament and arms control effortsAs the tools and methods of warfare continue to evolve, it is critical that arms control, disarmament, and normative regimes also advance. Warfighting applications of today’s emerging technologies, including artificial...
Norms for Outer Space: A Small Step or a Giant Leap for Policymaking?Space is increasingly critical to modern life on Earth. But there is growing concern that, as it becomes more economically and strategically important, tensions between different space actors are heightening...
The Ploughshares Monitor: Spring 2022Volume 43 Issue 1 A quarterly publication of Project Ploughshares Please click on attachment to view document: Spread the Word
Arms control in outer space: Status, timeline, and analysisContrary to popular imagination, outer space is not a “Wild, Wild West” of lawlessness. Human activities in outer space are governed by international law, including the United Nations Charter, international...
Statement on Russia’s Invasion of UkraineRussia’s illegal military incursion into Ukraine poses a grave threat to international security, undermines the rules-based international order, and endangers the lives of millions of civilians. It also risks escalating...
What kinetic ASAT testing tells us about space security governanceThe testing of kinetic anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons and the debris that they produce are currently garnering global attention and concern. This is partly because of the November 2021 ASAT test...
Recent Research in Action
Delegates at the United Nations Have Begun Forging New Rules for SpaceMay 11, 2022
“There’s a good display of goodwill and broad engagement. I think there’s points of consensus on what needs to be done. We need to find common understandings of how international laws apply in space,” says Jessica West, a senior researcher at the research institute Project Ploughshares based in Waterloo, Ontario, who’s attending the meeting.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine threatens the long-standing global co-operation in space, experts sayMarch 15, 2022
"Can the International Space Station be suddenly dropped over Europe? No. Is that going to happen? Again, no," said Jessica West, a senior researcher at Project Ploughshares, a Canadian peace research institute at the University of Waterloo.
Experts warn that Canadian weapons shipped to Ukraine could end up in the wrong handsMarch 16, 2022
"There is the real threat that the Ukrainian government can potentially not control all of these weapons," said Kelsey Gallagher, a researcher with Project Ploughshares, a Canadian non-government disarmament group. "They could end up anywhere."
Canadian air strike targeting gear appears to be playing supporting role in Ukraine’s fight against RussiaMarch 3, 2022
“Footage released of air strikes carried out by Ukrainian Bayraktar TB2s include the graphical interface associated with Wescam surveillance and targeting sensors. This is Canadian hardware,” - Kelsey Gallagher