- Engage with other civil society organizations to encourage the Canadian government to support policies that prevent the weaponization of space.
- Raise awareness of the challenges facing outer space security.
- Build support for a multilateral space security treaty or policy instrument as the basis of an effective regime for space activities.
Space Security Index
The Institute of Air and Space Law at McGill University, with support from the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University to develop and promote the Space Security Index—the annual, comprehensive and systematic assessment of international developments that have an impact on the security of outer space.
The objective of the Space Security Index is to facilitate dialogue on space security challenges and potential responses by providing a common knowledge base through its in order to support the development of national and international policies that contribute to the security and sustainability of outer space. The information provided by the Space Security Index can and has been used by its partner organizations for planning purposes in their efforts to establish space governance protocols, treaties and conventions that provide for the secure and peaceful use of space.
The hypotheses guiding the research are:
- The security of outer space is vital to both national and international security;
- Space security is best defined as the secure and sustainable access to and use of space, and freedom from space-based threats;
- The strategic space environment is rapidly changing and there are multiple threats to sustainable use and access for all;
- The different indicators of space security are interrelated. Protecting and advancing the security of this operational environment requires a comprehensive and integrated approach;
- There are competing visions of how to achieve space security that can only be bridged through informed dialogue based on a common understanding of space security and the availability of comprehensive data.
- Project Ploughshares staff will present the main findings of Space Security 2015 at various diplomatic missions, multilateral forums, academic institutions and international conferences.
Recent Publications on Space Security
Outer Space Security: Statement to the 72nd Session of the UNGA First CommitteeOctober 16, 2017
Chair, Today is an auspicious day to address this Committee on the security of outer space. On this very date, October 10th, the Outer Space Treaty—the bedrock of international space law—entered into force exactly 50 years ago. Outer space now provides vast social, scientific and economic benefits to humanity. But the sustainability of this critical domain also faces critical challenges. ...
Outer space: The latest security assessmentOctober 4, 2017
For a small but increasing number of states, space services provide the capability to deploy military personnel globally and apply force more efficiently and effectively. Increasingly, these states view space as a sphere to be dominated and defended. Space is not insulated from conflict on Earth, and it can unpredictably escalate crises on the ground or be the spark that ...
Behind the scenes: Space Security IndexJune 14, 2017
In early May, Project Ploughshares, in cooperation with the Institute of Air and Space Law at McGill University and our partners on the Space Security Index (SSI) project, hosted the 14th annual Space Security Working Group (SSWG) meeting in Montreal. SSI aims to serve as a source of accurate information and current analysis on human activities in outer space. We ...