Kargu-2 debate raises awareness of autonomous weapons

Branka Marijan Analysis and Commentary, Emerging Technologies, Featured, News

Over the past few months, experts have been surprised by the media attention given to the Turkish-made Kargu-2 kamikaze drone or loitering munition. Everyone, it seems, wants to know if the use of the Kargu-2 in Libya in March 2020 was the first instance of an autonomous weapon being used in conflict.

Responsible AI for defence applications

Branka Marijan Analysis and Commentary, Emerging Technologies, Featured, Ploughshares Monitor

Responsible uses of artificial intelligence (AI) have been featured prominently in recent national discussions and multilateral forums. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 60 countries have multiple initiatives and more than 30 have national AI strategies that consider responsible use. However, the use of AI for national defence has not generally been tackled yet.

The need for Canadian leadership in the drive to regulate high-risk AI  

Branka Marijan Emerging Technologies, Featured, News, Reports

As various ministries of the federal government, as well as relevant ministries at the provincial level, seek to develop policy and procedures on the use of AI, they will need clear guidance on the risks associated with different AI applications and how they should be regulated. So far, no Canadian agency has taken the lead in providing the guidance needed to plan for high-risk AI use, particularly in security and defence applications.

We need to restart talks on regulating autonomous weapons—now

Branka Marijan Analysis and Commentary, Emerging Technologies, Featured, Ploughshares Monitor

To no one’s surprise, United Nations discussions on the regulation of autonomous weapons have stalled. Last year, the global pandemic caused delays, with only one week of discussions—partly in Geneva, Switzerland and partly virtual—taking place from September 21-25. November’s annual meeting of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), at which the 2021 schedule for discussions on autonomous weapons would have been set, was cancelled.

Autonomous collaborative weapons

Branka Marijan Analysis and Commentary, Emerging Technologies, Featured, News

The United States is at the forefront of advancements in autonomous swarming technologies. A U.S. government-appointed panel has even said that the country has a “moral imperative” to develop weapons …

Clearview AI signals growing data privacy problem

Branka Marijan Analysis and Commentary, Emerging Technologies, Featured, News

According to a recent report by Canada’s privacy commissioner Daniel Therrien and three provincial counterparts, Clearview AI has broken Canada’s privacy laws. Therrien told reporters that the company’s technology and …

Canada’s efforts on responsible AI must include ban on autonomous weapons

Branka Marijan Analysis and Commentary, Emerging Technologies, Featured, News

During a week of virtual sessions hosted in September at the Geneva offices of the United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, Canada remained silent. Not once in the last year has Canada’s Minister of Foreign Affairs focused on autonomous weapons when explaining Canada’s foreign policy priorities.

Rethinking arms control: A Canadian perspective

Branka Marijan Analysis and Commentary, Conventional Weapons, Emerging Technologies, Featured, News

With a global pandemic and a still undecided U.S. election forming a dramatic backdrop, on November 6, the German Foreign Office hosted a virtual conference, “Capturing Technology. Rethinking Arms Control.” This event, combined with an experts’ preparatory workshop on November 5, were used to shine a light on the transformational capabilities of new technologies on both “old” issues of arms control, such as nuclear weapons, and new ones, including autonomous weapons and drone swarms.