SPECIAL REPORT – Killer optics: Exports of WESCAM sensors to Turkey

Kelsey Gallagher Conventional Weapons, Featured

Since 2017, Turkey has been a major customer for WESCAM products, second only to the United States. During this time, the Turkish military has not only been active in trying to put down an insurgency in southeast Turkey, but has become increasingly involved in armed conflicts in Syria, Iraq, and Libya.

Canada’s top five arms contracts to the U.S. – 2015-2020

Kelsey Gallagher Conventional Weapons, Featured, News

The most recently released federal records indicates that Canada transferred over $2-billion CAD in military exports to customers around the world in 2018. Left unpublished are the vast military exports to Canada’s closest trading partner, the United States. For years, Canada’s arms exports to the United States have been largely exempt from federal reporting protocols. Such exemptions persist despite Canada’s …

Urban Conflict: A Breeding Ground for COVID-19

Kelsey Gallagher Featured, News

Unfortunately, war zones are not immune to COVID-19. But conflict—particularly the use of explosive weapons in populated areas (EWIPA)—does make an effective response to the virus almost impossible. UN Secretary-General António Guterres noted the relationship between COVID-19 and conflict in his March appeal for a global ceasefire.

Syria: Fractured by war

Ploughshares Archived Conflicts, Asia, Conventional Weapons, Defence & Human Security, Forced Displacement and Migration, Mideast

No war in recent history has been as divisive as the war in Syria. In addition to fracturing Syrian society, it has galvanized, polarized, and even radicalized those who have reported on it. While President Bashar al-Assad’s cheerleading squad has brought together an amalgamation of unlikely supporters, ranging from White Nationalists to Shia militants, the advocates of regime change have …

Aid as a weapon? The politics of humanitarianism in Syria

Ploughshares Armed Conflicts, Defence & Human Security, Featured, Forced Displacement and Migration

In 2011, forces loyal to Syrian president Bashar al-Assad occupied the public hospital in the Syrian town of al-Qusayr. When suspected rebels arrived at the hospital in need of medical attention, regime forces detained, interrogated, tortured, and often executed them. In response, private citizens established an underground clinic to provide medical care in secret. Dr. Abd ar-Rhim Amir provided care …

The human costs of war

Sonal Marwah Defence & Human Security, Featured, Forced Displacement and Migration, News

Human displacement has reached record levels as old wars continue and new conflicts emerge. The second half of the 20th century saw a decline in wars between states, but a steep rise in the number of internal armed conflicts and other violent situations that caused mass displacement across borders. These internal wars have proven to be more protracted and complex. …

Exploring the principle of the freedom of movement for refugees and migrants

Sonal Marwah Forced Displacement and Migration, News

I participated in the 9th Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Refugee and Forced Migration Studies (CARFMS), held in Winnipeg May 11–14. The conference explored the principle of freedom of movement, also examining the root causes of forced displacement, development challenges, conflict resolution, peacebuilding, human rights, and methods of knowledge production. It brought together more than 200 participants from …

Q&A with Idil Atak: Responding to the Syrian refugee crisis

Tasneem Jamal Asia, Forced Displacement and Migration, Mideast Leave a Comment

Author Sonal Marwah Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 37 Issue 1 Spring 2016 Sonal Marwah: Terms such as “irregular” or “illegal” are frequently used to describe the migration influx in Europe. Is this an accurate way of assessing the situation? Idil Atak: As a member of the Department of Criminology, I am not in favour of using the term ”illegal” because a …

Canada’s policy on airstrikes: What does it mean?

Tasneem Jamal Americas, Conventional Weapons, Featured, News

By Philip MacFie The Canadian government has decided to remove its F-18 fighter jets from Iraq and make a different contribution to the coalition against ISIS. Policymakers have offered the public and international partners a rationale for the transition, but is this line of reasoning adequate? The government’s position The Liberal Party platform for the 2015 federal election promised: “We …

The dangers of exporting technology

Tasneem Jamal Asia, Mideast

Author Branka Marijan Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 36 Issue 4 Winter 2015 Conflicts in Syria and Yemen are seeing increased use of surveillance and web-filtering software against civilians Crises such as the civil wars in Syria and Yemen are raising not only humanitarian concerns, but concern over the increasing use of surveillance technology and web-filtering software, which could have dire effects …