Discarding deterrence: What Canada must do to help achieve nuclear disarmament

Cesar Jaramillo Analysis and Commentary, Featured, News, Nuclear Weapons, Ploughshares Monitor

“You can ignore reality,” said Russian-American author Ayn Rand. “But you cannot ignore the consequences of ignoring reality.” Canada needs to heed this warning. While it continues to support the policies of nuclear-weapon states, the multilateral policy landscape on which nuclear disarmament negotiations occur is being reshaped. And all parties that continue to shelter under a nuclear umbrella will be increasingly isolated.

5 lessons from the cancellation of Canadian arms exports to Turkey

Cesar Jaramillo Analysis and Commentary, Featured, Ploughshares Monitor

On April 12, Global Affairs Canada (GAC) announced the cancellation of 29 permits for the export of Canadian-made surveillance and targeting sensors to Turkey. The decision was based on what GAC described as “credible evidence” that the exports in question were being unlawfully diverted by Turkey to the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. The same report that announced the cancellation indicated that Turkish drones had also been diverted to support Turkish military operations in Syria.

It’s not too late to save the Iran nuclear deal

Cesar Jaramillo Analysis and Commentary, Featured, Nuclear Weapons, Ploughshares Monitor

Donald Trump opposed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA or Iran nuclear deal) even before he became President of the United States. Despite his hostility, the deal survived his term in office, although not unscathed. Now new President Joe Biden is cautiously optimistic that it can be salvaged. But steps to preserve the deal must be taken immediately, before the already narrow window of opportunity fully closes.

Hope by treaty

Cesar Jaramillo Featured, Nuclear Weapons, Ploughshares Monitor

On October 24, Honduras became the 50th state party to join the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), triggering the 90-day process that will culminate in the Treaty’s entry into force. On January 22, 2021, the TPNW will officially become international law.

75 years after Hiroshima and Nagasaki, all nuclear weapons must go

Cesar Jaramillo Nuclear Weapons, Ploughshares Monitor

COVID-19 disrupted international security diplomacy this year and led to the postponement of the consequential Review Conference of States Parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). But 2020 remains a significant year for the global nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime.

We have important work to do during this time of crisis

Cesar Jaramillo Featured, Ploughshares Monitor

Even during a health crisis, the need to make headway on security threats relating to nuclear weapons, autonomous robots, and other concerns remains. Project Ploughshares is still conducting rigorous research, providing fact-based analysis and commentary, engaging stakeholders in and out of government, proposing policy alternatives, and communicating our findings to our constituencies and the general public.

A challenging nuclear disarmament landscape for 2020

Cesar Jaramillo Featured, Nuclear Weapons, Ploughshares Monitor

The next year will be critical in the attempt to achieve a world free of nuclear weapons—and the outlook is hardly promising. The global nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation regime, already at the breaking point, will certainly face various overlapping challenges.
Here are some focal points that Project Ploughshares will be following closely:

The protection of civilians: New process offers hope

Cesar Jaramillo Conventional Weapons, Featured, Ploughshares Monitor

Today, armed conflict is more often being waged in urban areas. Urban warfare increases the likelihood of the use of explosive weapons in populated areas. Authoritative research has verified widespread use—by both state and non-state actors—in some of the most devastating contemporary conflicts.

Arms sales, murder, and the illusion of firmness

Cesar Jaramillo Conventional Weapons, Featured, Ploughshares Monitor

While the Jamal Khashoggi murder illustrated the Saudi regime’s contempt for human rights and warranted intense media attention, it was only the latest incident in a consistent pattern of repression and human-rights violations at home and abroad.