Canada and the Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA)

Tasneem Jamal Featured, Forced Displacement and Migration Leave a Comment

October 2019 Click to download full PDF WHAT IS THE SAFE THIRD-COUNTRY AGREEMENT? Effective since 2004, the Safe Third-Country Agreement (STCA) is a bilateral treaty between the United States and Canada that requires a refugee claimant to request refugee protection in the first country they reach, whether the United States or Canada. Thus, any refugee claimant who intends to ask …

What’s new in the world of autonomous weapons?

Branka Marijan Americas, Conventional Weapons, Emerging Technologies, Europe, Featured

The call by some states and civil society for the regulation of autonomous weapons continues. But concern is also being expressed that investment and research in autonomous weapons systems are outpacing regulation. In advance of the August meetings of the Group of Governmental Experts at the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), here’s an overview of recent developments. 1. The …

Preserving the peace

Jessica West Space Security Leave a Comment

A new space race is on. Symbolized by the historic landing of China’s robotic explorer on the far side of the Moon, the goal this time is to create a permanent human presence on the Moon and beyond.

Bill C-47: Remarks to the Senate Standing Committee

Cesar Jaramillo Americas, Conventional Weapons, Featured Leave a Comment

U.S. reporting and licensing exemptions not consistent with ATT obligations Remarks to the Canadian Senate Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development – Delivered November 29, 2018 Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 39 Issue 4 Winter 2018 by Cesar Jaramillo Thank you very much for the kind invitation to address this committee. For decades, efforts to better regulate illicit and …

Why the chances of conflict in outer space are going up

Jessica West Featured, Space Security Leave a Comment

U.S. President Trump’s desire to create a Space Force—a new military branch focused solely on outer space operations—has drawn public attention to the prospects of warfare in a domain that has been used only for peaceful and passive purposes. Despite the provocative name, the proposed mission would in many ways be mundane: the command and control of spacecraft rather than …

The AI arms race: The Cold War mindset returns

Branka Marijan Conventional Weapons, Emerging Technologies, Featured Leave a Comment

Concerns about an artificial-intelligence (AI) arms race between advanced militaries have been raised by many experts and analysts, including SpaceX founder Elon Musk and United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres. Scientists and engineers are also becoming increasingly vocal in discussions on the weaponization of AI, urging governments to develop regulations to prohibit certain applications of AI in weapons technology. But they …

Untangling the current U.S. refugee program

Sonal Marwah Featured, Forced Displacement and Migration, News

With 25.4 million refugees, the world is experiencing the worst refugee crisis since the Second World War. Until recently, the United States was the world’s most generous donor of humanitarian assistance to displaced persons and had the largest resettlement program. But the Trump administration’s new immigration policies appear to be making the United States increasingly less safe and inaccessible for …

JCPOA: A deal undone

Cesar Jaramillo Featured, Nuclear Weapons Leave a Comment

In a widely expected move, on May 8, U.S. President Donald Trump announced the immediate U.S. withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (Iran nuclear deal) and the imposition of increasingly stringent economic sanctions against Iran. Published in The Ploughshares Monitor Volume 39 Issue 2 Summer 2018 by Cesar Jaramillo Not once in a 10-minute address did he point to a …

Federal Court grants organizations standing in legal challenge of Safe Third Country Agreement

Ploughshares Americas, Forced Displacement and Migration Leave a Comment

Media Release En français 12 December 2017 The Canadian Council for Refugees (CCR), Amnesty International (AI) and the Canadian Council of Churches (CCC) welcomed the order made yesterday by the Federal Court granting the organizations public interest standing, in the legal challenge of the designation of the United States as a safe third country for refugees. The Court’s order came …